Novel Long-Acting GLP-2 Analogue, FE 203799 (Apraglutide), Enhances Adaptation and Linear Intestinal Growth in a Neonatal Piglet Model of Short Bowel Syndrome with Total Resection of the Ileum.JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr. 2019 09; 43(7):891-898.JJ
Glucagon-like peptide-2 (GLP-2) is an intestinotrophic factor released from L-cells in the ileum, a segment commonly resected or atretic in neonatal short bowel syndrome (SBS). In piglets, ileal resection decreases intestinal adaptation and endogenous GLP-2 production, whereas exogenous replacement promotes adaptation. In this study, we determined the effect of a novel long-acting GLP-2 analogue, FE 203799 (FE; apraglutide), upon intestinal growth, adaptation, and function in neonatal SBS piglets without ileum.
Neonatal piglets were randomized to saline (n = 10) vs FE treatment (n = 8). All piglets underwent 75% intestinal resection with jejunocolic anastomosis and were pair-fed parenteral and enteral nutrition. Saline and FE (5 mg/kg) treatments were administered subcutaneously on days 0 and 4. On day 6, 24-hour fecal samples were collected for subsequent nutrient analysis. On day 7, small-intestinal length and weight were measured and tissue collected for analyses.
On day 7, saline and FE-treated piglets were healthy and gained equivalent weight (P = 0.12). Compared with saline piglets, FE-treated piglets had lower fecal fat (P = 0.043) and energy (P = 0.043) losses and exhibited intestinal lengthening (P = 0.001), greater small-intestinal weight (P = 0.004), longer villus height (P = 0.027), and greater crypt depth (P = 0.054).
The subcutaneous GLP-2 analogue, FE, enhanced intestinal adaptation in a neonatal model of SBS without ileum. The observed intestinal lengthening with FE treatment was unique compared with our prior experience with native GLP-2 in this same model and has important clinical implications for treating neonatal SBS. At this developmental stage, growth in the intestine, if augmented, could accelerate weaning from parenteral nutrition.