Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Overcoming avoidance in anxiety disorders: The contributions of Pavlovian and operant avoidance extinction methods.
Neurosci Biobehav Rev. 2019 03; 98:61-70.NB

Abstract

Avoidance is generally adaptive, yet excessive rates of avoidance can become maladaptive and lead to functional impairment and psychopathology. Laboratory-based treatment research has provided important insights about the acquisition, maintenance, and extinction of maladaptive avoidance. Despite this, laboratory research on avoidance learning and extinction in humans is relatively underdeveloped. A better understanding of avoidance extinction methods has implications for basic research with humans and the development of treatment interventions aimed at replacing maladaptive behavior with an adaptive, functional repertoire. The present article reviews, for the first time, the use of the term extinction in human research on avoidance, contrasts existing Pavlovian and operant approaches to the extinction of avoidance, considers the validity of approaches to avoidance extinction, and suggests a consistent terminology and research gaps for future translational research on anxiety and related disorders.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Experimental Psychopathology Lab, Department of Psychology, Swansea University, Singleton Campus, Swansea, SA2 8PP, United Kingdom; Department of Psychology, Reykjavík University, Menntavegur 1, Nauthólsvík, 101, Reykjavík, Iceland. Electronic address: s.o.dymond@swansea.ac.uk.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

30629978

Citation

Dymond, Simon. "Overcoming Avoidance in Anxiety Disorders: the Contributions of Pavlovian and Operant Avoidance Extinction Methods." Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews, vol. 98, 2019, pp. 61-70.
Dymond S. Overcoming avoidance in anxiety disorders: The contributions of Pavlovian and operant avoidance extinction methods. Neurosci Biobehav Rev. 2019;98:61-70.
Dymond, S. (2019). Overcoming avoidance in anxiety disorders: The contributions of Pavlovian and operant avoidance extinction methods. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews, 98, 61-70. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neubiorev.2019.01.007
Dymond S. Overcoming Avoidance in Anxiety Disorders: the Contributions of Pavlovian and Operant Avoidance Extinction Methods. Neurosci Biobehav Rev. 2019;98:61-70. PubMed PMID: 30629978.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Overcoming avoidance in anxiety disorders: The contributions of Pavlovian and operant avoidance extinction methods. A1 - Dymond,Simon, Y1 - 2019/01/07/ PY - 2018/10/16/received PY - 2018/12/13/revised PY - 2019/01/06/accepted PY - 2019/1/11/pubmed PY - 2019/7/12/medline PY - 2019/1/11/entrez KW - Anxiety KW - Avoidance KW - Extinction KW - Fear KW - Humans KW - Operant KW - Pavlovian KW - Threat SP - 61 EP - 70 JF - Neuroscience and biobehavioral reviews JO - Neurosci Biobehav Rev VL - 98 N2 - Avoidance is generally adaptive, yet excessive rates of avoidance can become maladaptive and lead to functional impairment and psychopathology. Laboratory-based treatment research has provided important insights about the acquisition, maintenance, and extinction of maladaptive avoidance. Despite this, laboratory research on avoidance learning and extinction in humans is relatively underdeveloped. A better understanding of avoidance extinction methods has implications for basic research with humans and the development of treatment interventions aimed at replacing maladaptive behavior with an adaptive, functional repertoire. The present article reviews, for the first time, the use of the term extinction in human research on avoidance, contrasts existing Pavlovian and operant approaches to the extinction of avoidance, considers the validity of approaches to avoidance extinction, and suggests a consistent terminology and research gaps for future translational research on anxiety and related disorders. SN - 1873-7528 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/30629978/Overcoming_avoidance_in_anxiety_disorders:_The_contributions_of_Pavlovian_and_operant_avoidance_extinction_methods_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -