Expression, characterization, and site-specific covalent immobilization of an L-amino acid oxidase from the fungus Hebeloma cylindrosporum.Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 2019; 103(5):2229-2241AM
L-Amino acid oxidases (LAAOs) are flavoproteins, which use oxygen to deaminate L-amino acids and produce the corresponding α-keto acids, ammonia, and hydrogen peroxide. Here we describe the heterologous expression of LAAO4 from the fungus Hebeloma cylindrosporum without signal sequence as fusion protein with a 6His tag in Escherichia coli and its purification. 6His-hcLAAO4 could be activated by exposure to acidic pH, the detergent sodium dodecyl sulfate, or freezing. The enzyme converted 14 proteinogenic L-amino acids with L-glutamine, L-leucine, L-methionine, L-phenylalanine, L-tyrosine, and L-lysine being the best substrates. Methyl esters of these L-amino acids were also accepted. Even ethyl esters were converted but with lower activity. Km values were below 1 mM and vmax values between 19 and 39 U mg-1 for the best substrates with the acid-activated enzyme. The information for an N-terminal aldehyde tag was added to the coding sequence. Co-expressed formylglycine-generating enzyme was used to convert a cysteine residue in the aldehyde tag to a Cα-formylglycine residue. The aldehyde tag did not change the properties of the enzyme. Purified Ald-6His-hcLAAO4 was covalently bound to a hexylamine resin via the Cα-formylglycine residue. The immobilized enzyme could be reused repeatedly to generate phenylpyruvate from L-phenylalanine with a total turnover number of 17,600 and was stable for over 40 days at 25 °C.