LncRNA SNHG5 promotes growth and invasion in melanoma by regulating the miR-26a-5p/TRPC3 pathway.Onco Targets Ther. 2019; 12:169-179.OT
Melanoma has been reported as the most common malignancy in skin cancer. The small nucleolar RNA host gene 5 (SNHG5), an lncRNA, has been proven as a vital regulator in several types of carcinoma. This study was designed to investigate the detailed roles and possible mechanisms of SNHG5 in melanoma progression.
Quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) analysis was conducted to detect the expression levels of SNHG5, miR-26a-5p and transient receptor potential, canonical 3 (TRPC3) mRNA in melanoma tissues and cells. CCK-8 assay was used to measure the cell viability. Flow cytometry assays were performed to determine the cell cycle distribution and apoptosis. The invasive ability was assessed by a 24-well Transwell insert. Western blot analysis was employed to evaluate the protein expression of TRPC3. Dual luciferase reporter assay, RNA immunoprecipitation (RIP) assay, and RNA pull-down assay were applied to identify the interactions among SNHG5, miR-26a-5p and TRPC3.
The results showed that SNHG5 expression was increased in melanoma tumor tissues and cell lines. Higher SNHG5 expression was correlated with advanced pathogenic status. Moreover, SNHG5 could serve as a molecular sponge of miR-26a-5p. SNHG5 downregulation repressed proliferation, promoted apoptosis, and decreased invasion in melanoma cells, while these effects were greatly counteracted by miR-26a-5p inhibitor. Furthermore, miR-26a-5p directly targeted TRPC3 to suppress its expression, and this effect was aggravated following SNHG5 downregulation. Also, TRPC3 depletion exerted similar tumor-suppressive functions as SNHG5 knockdown.
SNHG5 promoted melanoma development by inhibiting miR-26a-5p and facilitating TRPC3 expression, highlighting the potential of SNHG5 as a novel target therapy for melanoma.