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The Modified 5-Item Frailty Index: A Concise and Useful Tool for Assessing the Impact of Frailty on Postoperative Morbidity Following Elective Posterior Lumbar Fusions.
World Neurosurg. 2019 Jan 11 [Online ahead of print]WN

Abstract

BACKGROUND

The modified 5-item frailty index (mFI-5) is a concise comorbidity-based risk stratification tool that has been shown to predict the occurrence of adverse outcomes following various orthopedic surgeries.

METHODS

The 2012-2016 American College of Surgeons - National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (ACS-NSQIP) dataset was used to identify patients undergoing an elective 1- to 2-level posterior lumbar fusion for degenerative lumbar pathology. The mFI-5 score was calculated based on the presence of the 5 co-morbidities: congestive heart failure within 30 days prior to surgery, insulin-dependent or noninsulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease or pneumonia, partially dependent or totally dependent functional health status at time of surgery, and hypertension requiring medication. Multivariate analysis was used to assess the independent impact of increasing mFI-5 score on postoperative morbidity while controlling for baseline clinical characteristics.

RESULTS

Increasing mFI-5 score versus mFI-5 = 0 was associated with higher odds of any complication (mFI-5 ≥2: odds ratio [OR] 1.45; mFI-5 = 1: OR 1.22), 30-day readmissions (mFI-5 ≥2: OR 1.46; mFI-5 = 1: OR 1.18), and nonhome discharge (mFI-5 ≥2: OR 1.80; mFI-5 = 1: OR 1.16). Higher mFI-5 score was significantly associated with increased risks of superficial surgical site infection, deep surgical site infection, unplanned reoperation, any medical complication, pneumonia, unplanned intubation, postoperative ventilator use, progressive renal insufficiency, acute renal failure, urinary tract infection, stroke, myocardial infarction, bleeding requiring transfusion, sepsis, and septic shock.

CONCLUSIONS

Higher mFI-5 scores were associated with increased postoperative morbidity following elective 1- to 2-level posterior lumbar fusions.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Orthopaedics, The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center, Columbus, Ohio, USA.Department of Orthopaedics, The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center, Columbus, Ohio, USA.Department of Orthopaedics, The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center, Columbus, Ohio, USA.Department of Orthopaedics, The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center, Columbus, Ohio, USA.Department of Orthopaedics, The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center, Columbus, Ohio, USA.Department of Orthopaedics, The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center, Columbus, Ohio, USA. Electronic address: Safdar.Khan@osumc.edu.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

30639495

Citation

Weaver, Douglas J., et al. "The Modified 5-Item Frailty Index: a Concise and Useful Tool for Assessing the Impact of Frailty On Postoperative Morbidity Following Elective Posterior Lumbar Fusions." World Neurosurgery, 2019.
Weaver DJ, Malik AT, Jain N, et al. The Modified 5-Item Frailty Index: A Concise and Useful Tool for Assessing the Impact of Frailty on Postoperative Morbidity Following Elective Posterior Lumbar Fusions. World Neurosurg. 2019.
Weaver, D. J., Malik, A. T., Jain, N., Yu, E., Kim, J., & Khan, S. N. (2019). The Modified 5-Item Frailty Index: A Concise and Useful Tool for Assessing the Impact of Frailty on Postoperative Morbidity Following Elective Posterior Lumbar Fusions. World Neurosurgery. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2018.12.168
Weaver DJ, et al. The Modified 5-Item Frailty Index: a Concise and Useful Tool for Assessing the Impact of Frailty On Postoperative Morbidity Following Elective Posterior Lumbar Fusions. World Neurosurg. 2019 Jan 11; PubMed PMID: 30639495.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The Modified 5-Item Frailty Index: A Concise and Useful Tool for Assessing the Impact of Frailty on Postoperative Morbidity Following Elective Posterior Lumbar Fusions. AU - Weaver,Douglas J, AU - Malik,Azeem Tariq, AU - Jain,Nikhil, AU - Yu,Elizabeth, AU - Kim,Jeffery, AU - Khan,Safdar N, Y1 - 2019/01/11/ PY - 2018/10/29/received PY - 2018/12/17/revised PY - 2018/12/20/accepted PY - 2019/1/15/pubmed PY - 2019/1/15/medline PY - 2019/1/15/entrez KW - Frailty KW - Index KW - Morbidity KW - NSQIP KW - Outcomes KW - Posterior lumbar fusions JF - World neurosurgery JO - World Neurosurg N2 - BACKGROUND: The modified 5-item frailty index (mFI-5) is a concise comorbidity-based risk stratification tool that has been shown to predict the occurrence of adverse outcomes following various orthopedic surgeries. METHODS: The 2012-2016 American College of Surgeons - National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (ACS-NSQIP) dataset was used to identify patients undergoing an elective 1- to 2-level posterior lumbar fusion for degenerative lumbar pathology. The mFI-5 score was calculated based on the presence of the 5 co-morbidities: congestive heart failure within 30 days prior to surgery, insulin-dependent or noninsulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease or pneumonia, partially dependent or totally dependent functional health status at time of surgery, and hypertension requiring medication. Multivariate analysis was used to assess the independent impact of increasing mFI-5 score on postoperative morbidity while controlling for baseline clinical characteristics. RESULTS: Increasing mFI-5 score versus mFI-5 = 0 was associated with higher odds of any complication (mFI-5 ≥2: odds ratio [OR] 1.45; mFI-5 = 1: OR 1.22), 30-day readmissions (mFI-5 ≥2: OR 1.46; mFI-5 = 1: OR 1.18), and nonhome discharge (mFI-5 ≥2: OR 1.80; mFI-5 = 1: OR 1.16). Higher mFI-5 score was significantly associated with increased risks of superficial surgical site infection, deep surgical site infection, unplanned reoperation, any medical complication, pneumonia, unplanned intubation, postoperative ventilator use, progressive renal insufficiency, acute renal failure, urinary tract infection, stroke, myocardial infarction, bleeding requiring transfusion, sepsis, and septic shock. CONCLUSIONS: Higher mFI-5 scores were associated with increased postoperative morbidity following elective 1- to 2-level posterior lumbar fusions. SN - 1878-8769 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/30639495/The_Modified_5_Item_Frailty_Index:_A_Concise_and_Useful_Tool_for_Assessing_the_Impact_of_Frailty_on_Postoperative_Morbidity_Following_Elective_Posterior_Lumbar_Fusions_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1878-8750(19)30038-5 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -
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