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Healthy Vegan Lifestyle Habits among Argentinian Vegetarians and Non-Vegetarians.
Nutrients. 2019 Jan 12; 11(1)N

Abstract

Although current research has contributed to the promotion of whole-food plant-based diets, few studies have examined healthy vegan dietary and lifestyle factors, especially in South America. Therefore, we aimed at investigating the adherence to healthy vegan lifestyle habits among Argentinian vegetarians and omnivorous, using a recently developed vegetarian lifestyle index adapted to the vegan dietary pattern. Also, accessibility of vegetarian foods, and the proportion of household income spent on food were assessed in a cross-sectional approach with 1454 participants. The population was comprised of females (84.9%), singles (55.0%), young-adults (mean age 32.1, standard deviation (SD) = 13.6), employed (50.8%), with high educational levels (50.4%), and low prevalence of both tobacco smoking (7.0%) and frequent alcohol consumption (7.6%). The mean score of adherence to healthy vegan lifestyle habits was 6.64 (SD = 1.72), with higher scores indicating better adherence. Non-vegetarians (5.75; 95% confidence interval (CI), 5.61⁻5.89) had a significantly lower adjusted mean score compared to semi-(6.32; 95% CI, 6.17⁻6.47), pesco-(6.99; 95% CI, 6.59⁻7.39), lacto-ovo-vegetarians (7.10; 95% CI, 6.96⁻7.24), as well as vegans (8.59; 95% CI, 8.35⁻8.83). The mean proportion of household income spent on food was significantly lower among vegans compared with other dietary patterns. The whole studied population showed a low consumption of whole grains, legumes, vegetables, nuts, and seeds. Although vegans showed a better diet and lifestyle pattern there is a need to improve eating and lifestyle habits to address risk factors for non-communicable diseases in Argentina.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Center for Health Sciences Research, School of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universidad Adventista del Plata, Libertador San Martín, 25 de Mayo 99, Entre Ríos 3103, Argentina. rociovictoriag@gmail.com. Institute for Food Science and Nutrition, Universidad Adventista del Plata, Libertador San Martín, 25 de Mayo 99, Entre Ríos 3103, Argentina. rociovictoriag@gmail.com.Center for Health Sciences Research, School of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universidad Adventista del Plata, Libertador San Martín, 25 de Mayo 99, Entre Ríos 3103, Argentina. saraleeson21@gmail.com. Institute for Food Science and Nutrition, Universidad Adventista del Plata, Libertador San Martín, 25 de Mayo 99, Entre Ríos 3103, Argentina. saraleeson21@gmail.com.Center for Health Sciences Research, School of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universidad Adventista del Plata, Libertador San Martín, 25 de Mayo 99, Entre Ríos 3103, Argentina. evymar80@gmail.com. Institute for Food Science and Nutrition, Universidad Adventista del Plata, Libertador San Martín, 25 de Mayo 99, Entre Ríos 3103, Argentina. evymar80@gmail.com.Center for Health Sciences Research, School of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universidad Adventista del Plata, Libertador San Martín, 25 de Mayo 99, Entre Ríos 3103, Argentina. danielxutuc@gmail.com.Center for Health Sciences Research, School of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universidad Adventista del Plata, Libertador San Martín, 25 de Mayo 99, Entre Ríos 3103, Argentina. ismael.contreras@uap.edu.ar.Center for Health Sciences Research, School of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universidad Adventista del Plata, Libertador San Martín, 25 de Mayo 99, Entre Ríos 3103, Argentina. gerardo.guerrero@uap.edu.ar.Department of Nutrition, Adventist University of São Paulo-UNASP/SP, Estrada de Itapecerica 5859, Jardim IAE, São Paulo 05858-001, Brazil. marciactm@yahoo.com.br.Center for Health Sciences Research, School of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universidad Adventista del Plata, Libertador San Martín, 25 de Mayo 99, Entre Ríos 3103, Argentina. fabio.pacheco@uap.edu.ar. Institute for Food Science and Nutrition, Universidad Adventista del Plata, Libertador San Martín, 25 de Mayo 99, Entre Ríos 3103, Argentina. fabio.pacheco@uap.edu.ar.Center for Health Sciences Research, School of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universidad Adventista del Plata, Libertador San Martín, 25 de Mayo 99, Entre Ríos 3103, Argentina. sandaly.oliveira@uap.edu.ar. Institute for Food Science and Nutrition, Universidad Adventista del Plata, Libertador San Martín, 25 de Mayo 99, Entre Ríos 3103, Argentina. sandaly.oliveira@uap.edu.ar.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

30642046

Citation

Gili, Rocio V., et al. "Healthy Vegan Lifestyle Habits Among Argentinian Vegetarians and Non-Vegetarians." Nutrients, vol. 11, no. 1, 2019.
Gili RV, Leeson S, Montes-Chañi EM, et al. Healthy Vegan Lifestyle Habits among Argentinian Vegetarians and Non-Vegetarians. Nutrients. 2019;11(1).
Gili, R. V., Leeson, S., Montes-Chañi, E. M., Xutuc, D., Contreras-Guillén, I. A., Guerrero-Flores, G. N., Martins, M. C. T., Pacheco, F. J., & Pacheco, S. O. S. (2019). Healthy Vegan Lifestyle Habits among Argentinian Vegetarians and Non-Vegetarians. Nutrients, 11(1). https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11010154
Gili RV, et al. Healthy Vegan Lifestyle Habits Among Argentinian Vegetarians and Non-Vegetarians. Nutrients. 2019 Jan 12;11(1) PubMed PMID: 30642046.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Healthy Vegan Lifestyle Habits among Argentinian Vegetarians and Non-Vegetarians. AU - Gili,Rocio V, AU - Leeson,Sara, AU - Montes-Chañi,Evelyn M, AU - Xutuc,Daniel, AU - Contreras-Guillén,Ismael A, AU - Guerrero-Flores,Gerardo N, AU - Martins,Marcia C T, AU - Pacheco,Fabio J, AU - Pacheco,Sandaly O S, Y1 - 2019/01/12/ PY - 2018/12/02/received PY - 2018/12/23/revised PY - 2019/01/08/accepted PY - 2019/1/16/entrez PY - 2019/1/16/pubmed PY - 2019/4/9/medline KW - Argentina KW - dietary patterns KW - lifestyle habits KW - vegan KW - vegetarian diets JF - Nutrients JO - Nutrients VL - 11 IS - 1 N2 - Although current research has contributed to the promotion of whole-food plant-based diets, few studies have examined healthy vegan dietary and lifestyle factors, especially in South America. Therefore, we aimed at investigating the adherence to healthy vegan lifestyle habits among Argentinian vegetarians and omnivorous, using a recently developed vegetarian lifestyle index adapted to the vegan dietary pattern. Also, accessibility of vegetarian foods, and the proportion of household income spent on food were assessed in a cross-sectional approach with 1454 participants. The population was comprised of females (84.9%), singles (55.0%), young-adults (mean age 32.1, standard deviation (SD) = 13.6), employed (50.8%), with high educational levels (50.4%), and low prevalence of both tobacco smoking (7.0%) and frequent alcohol consumption (7.6%). The mean score of adherence to healthy vegan lifestyle habits was 6.64 (SD = 1.72), with higher scores indicating better adherence. Non-vegetarians (5.75; 95% confidence interval (CI), 5.61⁻5.89) had a significantly lower adjusted mean score compared to semi-(6.32; 95% CI, 6.17⁻6.47), pesco-(6.99; 95% CI, 6.59⁻7.39), lacto-ovo-vegetarians (7.10; 95% CI, 6.96⁻7.24), as well as vegans (8.59; 95% CI, 8.35⁻8.83). The mean proportion of household income spent on food was significantly lower among vegans compared with other dietary patterns. The whole studied population showed a low consumption of whole grains, legumes, vegetables, nuts, and seeds. Although vegans showed a better diet and lifestyle pattern there is a need to improve eating and lifestyle habits to address risk factors for non-communicable diseases in Argentina. SN - 2072-6643 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/30642046/Healthy_Vegan_Lifestyle_Habits_among_Argentinian_Vegetarians_and_Non_Vegetarians_ L2 - http://www.mdpi.com/resolver?pii=nu11010154 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -