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Breakfast Choice Is Associated with Nutrient, Food Group and Discretionary Intakes in Australian Adults at Both Breakfast and the Rest of the Day.
Nutrients. 2019 Jan 15; 11(1)N

Abstract

Breakfast choice is correlated with daily nutrient intakes, but this association may not be solely explained by the breakfast meal. We profiled breakfast consumer groups among Australian adults and compared the role that breakfast versus the rest of the day had on daily intakes of the Five Food Groups, discretionary foods, and nutrients. Breakfast groups were breakfast cereal consumers, non-cereal breakfast consumers, and breakfast skippers. One-day dietary recall data from the 2011⁻2012 National Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey were analysed (n = 9341, ≥19 years), as well as socio-demographic and anthropometric measures. Twelve per cent of adults were breakfast skippers, 41% were breakfast cereal consumers, and 47% were non-cereal breakfast consumers. Females were more likely to have a non-cereal breakfast than males, and the non-cereal breakfast was predominantly bread-based. Breakfast skipping decreased with age (p < 0.001), while breakfast cereal consumption increased with age (p < 0.001). Breakfast skippers were more likely to be male, had a lower socio-economic status, and lower physical activity levels (p < 0.001). Breakfast skippers had the highest mean body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference (p < 0.001), the lowest intake of wholegrain foods, fruits and vegetables, and the highest intake of discretionary foods (p < 0.001). Breakfast cereal consumers had the lowest mean BMI and waist circumference (p < 0.001) and had healthier diets at both breakfast and throughout the rest of the day. They were the most likely to meet the daily recommended serves for grain foods, fruit, dairy, and vegetables, had the highest wholegrain food intake, and the lowest discretionary intake (p < 0.001). Additionally, breakfast cereal consumers had the most favourable daily nutrient intakes, including the lowest added sugars intakes. Differences in daily diet between breakfast groups were attributed to differences in food choices both at breakfast and throughout the rest of the day.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Nutrition Research Australia, Level 13 167 Macquarie Street, Sydney 2000, Australia. flavia@nraus.com.Nutrition Research Australia, Level 13 167 Macquarie Street, Sydney 2000, Australia. andrew@nraus.com.Nutrition Research Australia, Level 13 167 Macquarie Street, Sydney 2000, Australia. tim@timcassettari.com.Department of Statistics, Macquarie University, Sydney 2109, Australia. peter.petocz@maquarie.edu.au.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

30650604

Citation

Fayet-Moore, Flavia, et al. "Breakfast Choice Is Associated With Nutrient, Food Group and Discretionary Intakes in Australian Adults at Both Breakfast and the Rest of the Day." Nutrients, vol. 11, no. 1, 2019.
Fayet-Moore F, McConnell A, Cassettari T, et al. Breakfast Choice Is Associated with Nutrient, Food Group and Discretionary Intakes in Australian Adults at Both Breakfast and the Rest of the Day. Nutrients. 2019;11(1).
Fayet-Moore, F., McConnell, A., Cassettari, T., & Petocz, P. (2019). Breakfast Choice Is Associated with Nutrient, Food Group and Discretionary Intakes in Australian Adults at Both Breakfast and the Rest of the Day. Nutrients, 11(1). https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11010175
Fayet-Moore F, et al. Breakfast Choice Is Associated With Nutrient, Food Group and Discretionary Intakes in Australian Adults at Both Breakfast and the Rest of the Day. Nutrients. 2019 Jan 15;11(1) PubMed PMID: 30650604.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Breakfast Choice Is Associated with Nutrient, Food Group and Discretionary Intakes in Australian Adults at Both Breakfast and the Rest of the Day. AU - Fayet-Moore,Flavia, AU - McConnell,Andrew, AU - Cassettari,Tim, AU - Petocz,Peter, Y1 - 2019/01/15/ PY - 2018/12/11/received PY - 2019/01/02/revised PY - 2019/01/07/accepted PY - 2019/1/18/entrez PY - 2019/1/18/pubmed PY - 2019/2/15/medline KW - Australia KW - BMI KW - adult KW - breakfast KW - cereal KW - diet KW - total day JF - Nutrients JO - Nutrients VL - 11 IS - 1 N2 - Breakfast choice is correlated with daily nutrient intakes, but this association may not be solely explained by the breakfast meal. We profiled breakfast consumer groups among Australian adults and compared the role that breakfast versus the rest of the day had on daily intakes of the Five Food Groups, discretionary foods, and nutrients. Breakfast groups were breakfast cereal consumers, non-cereal breakfast consumers, and breakfast skippers. One-day dietary recall data from the 2011⁻2012 National Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey were analysed (n = 9341, ≥19 years), as well as socio-demographic and anthropometric measures. Twelve per cent of adults were breakfast skippers, 41% were breakfast cereal consumers, and 47% were non-cereal breakfast consumers. Females were more likely to have a non-cereal breakfast than males, and the non-cereal breakfast was predominantly bread-based. Breakfast skipping decreased with age (p < 0.001), while breakfast cereal consumption increased with age (p < 0.001). Breakfast skippers were more likely to be male, had a lower socio-economic status, and lower physical activity levels (p < 0.001). Breakfast skippers had the highest mean body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference (p < 0.001), the lowest intake of wholegrain foods, fruits and vegetables, and the highest intake of discretionary foods (p < 0.001). Breakfast cereal consumers had the lowest mean BMI and waist circumference (p < 0.001) and had healthier diets at both breakfast and throughout the rest of the day. They were the most likely to meet the daily recommended serves for grain foods, fruit, dairy, and vegetables, had the highest wholegrain food intake, and the lowest discretionary intake (p < 0.001). Additionally, breakfast cereal consumers had the most favourable daily nutrient intakes, including the lowest added sugars intakes. Differences in daily diet between breakfast groups were attributed to differences in food choices both at breakfast and throughout the rest of the day. SN - 2072-6643 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/30650604/Breakfast_Choice_Is_Associated_with_Nutrient_Food_Group_and_Discretionary_Intakes_in_Australian_Adults_at_Both_Breakfast_and_the_Rest_of_the_Day_ L2 - https://www.mdpi.com/resolver?pii=nu11010175 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -