IgA anti-tissue transglutaminase antibodies and IgG antibodies against deamidated gliadin peptides as predictors of celiac disease.Arch Argent Pediatr. 2019 02 01; 117(1):52-55.AA
To compare the performance of IgA anti-tissue transglutaminase antibodies (IgA anti-tTG), IgA anti-endomysial antibodies (IgA EMA), and IgA/IgG antibodies against deamidated gliadin peptides (IgA/IgG anti-DGP) for the diagnosis of celiac disease.
Descriptive study in patients with celiac disease. Anti-DGP (IgA/IgG), IgA EMA, IgA anti-tTG antibodies were measured and an intestinal biopsy was done. Sex: female (61 %). Median age: 78.4 months old.
A total of 136 children were included; 108 had high IgA anti-DGP titers; 124, increased IgG anti-DGP titers; 128, positive IgA EMA titers; and 130, increased IgA anti-tTG titers. High IgG anti-DGP titers were observed in 4/6 patients with negative IgA anti-tTG antibodies. The combination of IgG anti-DGP + IgA anti-tTG antibodies showed a positive correlation in 134 patients and the IgG anti-DGP + EMA combination was positive in 133 children.
IgA EMA, IgA anti-tTG, and IgG anti-DGP antibodies exhibited an adequate specificity and sensitivity. The IgG anti-DGP/anti-tTG combination showed a 98-99 % sensitivity and a 100 % specificity. The anti-tTG and IgG anti-DGP option yields excellent results, with a low cost and independence from the observer.