[Preeclampsia - a disease of pregnant women].Postepy Biochem 2018; 64(4):232-229PB
Preeclampsia, also known as EPH-gestosis, is a pregnancy-specific syndrome. It affects 3-5% of pregnant women and is characterized by edemas, high blood pressure and proteinuria. Moreover, in women with preeclampsia dysfunction of many organs, such as kidney and liver, is diagnosed, while in the case of fetus growth restriction is observed. Preeclampsia, when left untreated, can lead to death. In low-income countries, this disorder is one of the main causes of maternal and child mortality. Preeclampsia predisposes women in later life to cardiovascular diseases. So far, in acute cases of preeclampsia stabilization of the mother and fetus and finally termination of pregnancy at a time optimal for both sides can only be considered. In this work, available literature data concerning the causes of preeclampsia, its symptoms, techniques for diagnosis, methods for prevention and new approaches to treatment were collected.