Factors Affecting Initiation of Voice Therapy for Paradoxical Vocal Fold Motion Disorder.J Voice. 2020 Jul; 34(4):559-566.JV
To investigate patient-level predictors of initiation of voice therapy for paradoxical vocal fold motion disorder (PVFM).
Prospective outcomes database study.
Patients consented to the University of Wisconsin Voice and Swallow Clinics Outcomes Database between March 2010 and November 2016 who were diagnosed with PVFM and recommended for voice therapy were eligible. Patients who attended at least one voice therapy session were considered to have initiated therapy. Analyzed variables included age, gender, distance to the clinic, insurance status, socioeconomic factors, comorbidity score, spirometry results, presence of asthma and/or dysphonia diagnoses, length of evaluation and evaluation model, and patient scores on the Voice Handicap Index and Generalized Anxiety Disorder 7-item scale.
One-hundred seventy-eight patients met inclusion criteria. Of these, 118 initiated voice therapy as recommended (66.29%). The majority of patients were female (n = 127; 71.35%). Age was the only factor significantly associated with therapy initiation in both univariate (P = 0.0359) and multivariable (P = 0.0295) analyses, with patients aged 30-39 least likely to attend compared with other age groups. Multivariable analysis also showed that patients evaluated by a speech-language pathologist alone were an estimated three times as likely to initiate therapy compared to patients evaluated by speech-language pathologist and otolaryngologist (ENT) together (P = 0.0407). Other variables were not statistically significant for prediction of therapy initiation.
This study suggests that age group and evaluation model are associated with initiation of voice therapy for PVFM. Further study is needed to investigate social-cognitive and quality-of-life factors in predicting therapy initiation.