The Evidence Paradox of the Effectiveness between the Paediatric and Adult Stone-Forming Population: A Narrative Review.Urol Int. 2019; 102(2):125-130.UI
To identify trends in the evidence base regarding the effectiveness of using α-blockers in children versus adults and compare outcomes.
A literature search up using the key words including urolithiasis/renal/ureteric stone in children/paediatric population, medical expulsive treatment (MET), α-blocker/alfuzosin/tamsulosin/doxazosin. Included were randomized or controlled clinical trials in paediatric stone formers (aged ≤18 years). Outcome measures for assessment included the overall stone expulsion rate, expulsion time, the number of pain episodes and adverse drug effects and/or reactions. Further comparison of efficacy levels using respective studies from the adult population was performed in order to identify trends, similarities and differences.
A total of 8,259 articles were identified. Full text evaluation was possible for 28 articles. Although the picture is clearer in the paediatric group, the lack of reproducible results in adults certainly poses serious questions about data collection, analysis and interpretation in each individual study. The apparent paradox is due to the methodological differences between studies.
The effectiveness of α-blockers and other medication as MET needs to be studied in multi-institutional, double-blind, placebo-controlled studies that would aim to prove superiority to placebo in contemporary clinical situations, with realistic end points and standardized outcome measure determination.