Grapevine red blotch virus: Absence in Swiss Vineyards and Analysis of Potential Detrimental Effect on Viticultural Performance.Plant Dis. 2018 Mar; 102(3):651-655.PD
Grapevine red blotch virus (GRBV) is a recently described virus that infects grapevine. Little information is available on the possible occurrence and distribution outside North America. Therefore, we surveyed commercial vineyards from the three major grape-growing regions in Switzerland to determine the presence or absence of GRBV. In total, 3,062 vines were analyzed by polymerase chain reaction. None of the vines tested positive for GRBV, suggesting the absence of GRBV from Swiss vineyards. We also investigated whether GRBV was present in 653 grapevine accessions in the Agroscope grapevine virus collection at Nyon, including dominantly Swiss (457) but also international accessions. Only six referential accessions were infected by GRBV, all originating from the United States, whereas all others from 10 European and 8 non-European origins tested negative. High-throughput sequencing analysis of Zinfandel A2V13, in the collection since 1985, confirmed close similarity of GRBV isolate Z_A2V13 to American isolates according to genomes deposited in GenBank. Because the Zinfandel A2V13 reference was also maintained grafted on the leafroll virus indicator Vitis vinifera 'Gamay', we evaluated the effect of GRBV on viticultural performance over a 3-year period. Our results showed clear detrimental effects of GRBV on grapevine physiology (vine vigor, leaf chlorophyll content, and gas exchange) and fruit quality. These findings underscore the importance of implementation of GRBV testing worldwide in certification and quarantine programs to prevent the dissemination of this virus.