Structural and Functional Studies of the RBPJ-SHARP Complex Reveal a Conserved Corepressor Binding Site.Cell Rep. 2019 01 22; 26(4):845-854.e6.CR
Notch is a conserved signaling pathway that is essential for metazoan development and homeostasis; dysregulated signaling underlies the pathophysiology of numerous human diseases. Receptor-ligand interactions result in gene expression changes, which are regulated by the transcription factor RBPJ. RBPJ forms a complex with the intracellular domain of the Notch receptor and the coactivator Mastermind to activate transcription, but it can also function as a repressor by interacting with corepressor proteins. Here, we determine the structure of RBPJ bound to the corepressor SHARP and DNA, revealing its mode of binding to RBPJ. We tested structure-based mutants in biophysical and biochemical-cellular assays to characterize the role of RBPJ as a repressor, clearly demonstrating that RBPJ mutants deficient for SHARP binding are incapable of repressing transcription of genes responsive to Notch signaling in cells. Altogether, our structure-function studies provide significant insights into the repressor function of RBPJ.