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Maternal witness to intimate partner violence during childhood and prenatal family functioning alter newborn cortisol reactivity.
Stress. 2019 03; 22(2):190-199.S

Abstract

Witnessing intimate partner violence (IPV) during childhood is a risk factor for mental health problems across the lifespan. Less is known about the intergenerational consequences of witnessing IPV, and if the current family climate buffers intergenerational effects of witnessing violence. The mother's experience of witnessing IPV against her own mother during childhood, prenatal family dysfunction, and prenatal perceived stress were examined as predictors of offspring cortisol in the first month of life (N = 218 mother-infant dyads). Mothers reported on witnessing IPV in their childhoods, prenatal family dysfunction, and prenatal perceived stress in pregnancy. At 2 days and again at 1 month postpartum, infants engaged in a neurobehavioral exam to assess infant cortisol reactivity. Infants whose mothers witnessed IPV in childhood exhibited alterations in their baseline cortisol and their cortisol reactivity at 1 month of age, whereas family dysfunction during pregnancy was associated with baseline cortisol and cortisol reactivity at 2 days of age. Prenatal perceived stress was not associated with infant cortisol at 2 days or 1 month. Prenatal family dysfunction and perceived stress did not moderate effects of the mother's experience of witnessing IPV. Results support the view that maternal experiences in childhood and during pregnancy exert intergenerational effects on the HPA stress response system.

Authors+Show Affiliations

a Bradley Research Center, E.P. Bradley Hospital, Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior , Alpert Medical School, Brown University , East Providence , Rhode Island.a Bradley Research Center, E.P. Bradley Hospital, Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior , Alpert Medical School, Brown University , East Providence , Rhode Island.b Centers for Behavioral and Preventive Medicine, The Miriam Hospital, Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior , Alpert Medical School, Brown University , Providence , Rhode Island.b Centers for Behavioral and Preventive Medicine, The Miriam Hospital, Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior , Alpert Medical School, Brown University , Providence , Rhode Island.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

Language

eng

PubMed ID

30676172

Citation

Parade, Stephanie H., et al. "Maternal Witness to Intimate Partner Violence During Childhood and Prenatal Family Functioning Alter Newborn Cortisol Reactivity." Stress (Amsterdam, Netherlands), vol. 22, no. 2, 2019, pp. 190-199.
Parade SH, Newland RP, Bublitz MH, et al. Maternal witness to intimate partner violence during childhood and prenatal family functioning alter newborn cortisol reactivity. Stress. 2019;22(2):190-199.
Parade, S. H., Newland, R. P., Bublitz, M. H., & Stroud, L. R. (2019). Maternal witness to intimate partner violence during childhood and prenatal family functioning alter newborn cortisol reactivity. Stress (Amsterdam, Netherlands), 22(2), 190-199. https://doi.org/10.1080/10253890.2018.1501019
Parade SH, et al. Maternal Witness to Intimate Partner Violence During Childhood and Prenatal Family Functioning Alter Newborn Cortisol Reactivity. Stress. 2019;22(2):190-199. PubMed PMID: 30676172.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Maternal witness to intimate partner violence during childhood and prenatal family functioning alter newborn cortisol reactivity. AU - Parade,Stephanie H, AU - Newland,Rebecca P, AU - Bublitz,Margaret H, AU - Stroud,Laura R, Y1 - 2019/01/24/ PY - 2019/1/25/pubmed PY - 2020/2/18/medline PY - 2019/1/25/entrez KW - HPA axis KW - Intimate partner violence KW - cortisol KW - family functioning KW - infant KW - intergenerational SP - 190 EP - 199 JF - Stress (Amsterdam, Netherlands) JO - Stress VL - 22 IS - 2 N2 - Witnessing intimate partner violence (IPV) during childhood is a risk factor for mental health problems across the lifespan. Less is known about the intergenerational consequences of witnessing IPV, and if the current family climate buffers intergenerational effects of witnessing violence. The mother's experience of witnessing IPV against her own mother during childhood, prenatal family dysfunction, and prenatal perceived stress were examined as predictors of offspring cortisol in the first month of life (N = 218 mother-infant dyads). Mothers reported on witnessing IPV in their childhoods, prenatal family dysfunction, and prenatal perceived stress in pregnancy. At 2 days and again at 1 month postpartum, infants engaged in a neurobehavioral exam to assess infant cortisol reactivity. Infants whose mothers witnessed IPV in childhood exhibited alterations in their baseline cortisol and their cortisol reactivity at 1 month of age, whereas family dysfunction during pregnancy was associated with baseline cortisol and cortisol reactivity at 2 days of age. Prenatal perceived stress was not associated with infant cortisol at 2 days or 1 month. Prenatal family dysfunction and perceived stress did not moderate effects of the mother's experience of witnessing IPV. Results support the view that maternal experiences in childhood and during pregnancy exert intergenerational effects on the HPA stress response system. SN - 1607-8888 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/30676172/Maternal_witness_to_intimate_partner_violence_during_childhood_and_prenatal_family_functioning_alter_newborn_cortisol_reactivity_ L2 - https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/10253890.2018.1501019 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -