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Evaluation of dental students' knowledge and patient care towards HIV/AIDS individuals.
Eur J Dent Educ. 2019 May; 23(2):212-219.EJ

Abstract

PURPOSE

The aim was to evaluate the knowledge of the students of dental students regarding patients care towards HIV positive individuals.

METHODS

Two hundred and eighty-three dental students (pre-clinical, n = 45; clinical, n = 238) answered an electronic questionnaire, approaching biosafety procedures, oral manifestations of AIDS and knowledge of HIV infection. Data were present as an average from findings from students of nine different semesters, grouping them by pre-clinical (1-4) and clinical (5-9) semesters, from two different university campuses. Furthermore, data were analysed using the t test and chi-square test.

RESULTS

Students' mean age was 24 years. Amongst 14 oral manifestations questioned, Kaposi sarcoma, oral candidiasis, necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis and herpes simplex were more associated with HIV. Over 90% of the respondents would be concerned about becoming infected with HIV after a needle stick injury and were willing to be tested for HIV; know that HIV/AIDS patients can contaminate dental care professionals, that needle perforation can transmit HIV, and that medical professionals are more prone to cross-contamination. Regarding the use of physical barrier, almost all participants use disposable mask, goggles, cap and procedure gloves with all patients; the use of disposable lab coat and two pairs of gloves were the least used with all patients.

CONCLUSIONS

Participating students have good knowledge on biosafety in the management of HIV/AIDS patients, as well as on the most commonly associated oral manifestations. However, there is a need for improvement on some topics related to HIV/AIDS, especially regarding less known oral lesions, and HIV diagnostic tests.

Authors+Show Affiliations

School of Dentistry, University of Grande Rio (UNIGRANRIO), Duque de Caxias, Brazil.School of Dentistry, University of Grande Rio (UNIGRANRIO), Duque de Caxias, Brazil. Postgraduate Program in Dentistry, Postgraduate Program in Translational Biomedicine, University of Grande Rio (UNIGRANRIO), Duque de Caxias, Brazil.School of Dentistry, University of Grande Rio (UNIGRANRIO), Duque de Caxias, Brazil.School of Dentistry, University of Grande Rio (UNIGRANRIO), Duque de Caxias, Brazil. Postgraduate Program in Dentistry, Postgraduate Program in Translational Biomedicine, University of Grande Rio (UNIGRANRIO), Duque de Caxias, Brazil.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

30681237

Citation

Lorosa, Adair H., et al. "Evaluation of Dental Students' Knowledge and Patient Care Towards HIV/AIDS Individuals." European Journal of Dental Education : Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe, vol. 23, no. 2, 2019, pp. 212-219.
Lorosa AH, Pereira CM, Hussne RP, et al. Evaluation of dental students' knowledge and patient care towards HIV/AIDS individuals. Eur J Dent Educ. 2019;23(2):212-219.
Lorosa, A. H., Pereira, C. M., Hussne, R. P., & Silva-Boghossian, C. M. (2019). Evaluation of dental students' knowledge and patient care towards HIV/AIDS individuals. European Journal of Dental Education : Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe, 23(2), 212-219. https://doi.org/10.1111/eje.12423
Lorosa AH, et al. Evaluation of Dental Students' Knowledge and Patient Care Towards HIV/AIDS Individuals. Eur J Dent Educ. 2019;23(2):212-219. PubMed PMID: 30681237.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Evaluation of dental students' knowledge and patient care towards HIV/AIDS individuals. AU - Lorosa,Adair H, AU - Pereira,Claudia M, AU - Hussne,Renata P, AU - Silva-Boghossian,Carina M, Y1 - 2019/02/17/ PY - 2018/10/05/received PY - 2019/01/21/accepted PY - 2019/1/27/pubmed PY - 2019/9/3/medline PY - 2019/1/26/entrez KW - AIDS KW - HIV KW - oral health KW - students SP - 212 EP - 219 JF - European journal of dental education : official journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe JO - Eur J Dent Educ VL - 23 IS - 2 N2 - PURPOSE: The aim was to evaluate the knowledge of the students of dental students regarding patients care towards HIV positive individuals. METHODS: Two hundred and eighty-three dental students (pre-clinical, n = 45; clinical, n = 238) answered an electronic questionnaire, approaching biosafety procedures, oral manifestations of AIDS and knowledge of HIV infection. Data were present as an average from findings from students of nine different semesters, grouping them by pre-clinical (1-4) and clinical (5-9) semesters, from two different university campuses. Furthermore, data were analysed using the t test and chi-square test. RESULTS: Students' mean age was 24 years. Amongst 14 oral manifestations questioned, Kaposi sarcoma, oral candidiasis, necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis and herpes simplex were more associated with HIV. Over 90% of the respondents would be concerned about becoming infected with HIV after a needle stick injury and were willing to be tested for HIV; know that HIV/AIDS patients can contaminate dental care professionals, that needle perforation can transmit HIV, and that medical professionals are more prone to cross-contamination. Regarding the use of physical barrier, almost all participants use disposable mask, goggles, cap and procedure gloves with all patients; the use of disposable lab coat and two pairs of gloves were the least used with all patients. CONCLUSIONS: Participating students have good knowledge on biosafety in the management of HIV/AIDS patients, as well as on the most commonly associated oral manifestations. However, there is a need for improvement on some topics related to HIV/AIDS, especially regarding less known oral lesions, and HIV diagnostic tests. SN - 1600-0579 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/30681237/Evaluation_of_dental_students'_knowledge_and_patient_care_towards_HIV/AIDS_individuals L2 - https://doi.org/10.1111/eje.12423 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -