Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Effect of neighbourhood socioeconomic status on overweight and obesity in children 2-15 years of different ethnic groups.
Eur J Public Health. 2019 08 01; 29(4):796-801.EJ

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Studies on the influence of neighbourhood socioeconomic status (N-SES) on overweight and obesity rates in children from different ethnic backgrounds are scarce. This study investigated the differential effect of N-SES on overweight (including obesity) and obesity prevalence in different ethnic groups, and if N-SES explains ethnic differences in the prevalence of overweight and obesity.

DESIGN

A population based study of 109 766 body mass index (BMI) measurements of 86 209 children 2-15 years of Dutch, Turkish, Moroccan and South Asian descent. BMI class was determined with The International Obesity Task Force, and South Asian specific BMI cut-offs. WHO BMI criteria were applied for reference purposes. The effect of N-SES on prevalence rates was studied with generalized linear mixed models.

RESULTS

Neighbourhood SES was negatively associated with overweight and obesity. However, the effect of N-SES on overweight was stronger in Dutch children (OR 0.75, 95% CI 0.73-0.77) than in Turkish (OR 0.86, 95% CI 0.82-0.90), Moroccan (OR 0.91, 95% CI 0.86-0.97) and South Asian (OR 0.90, 95% CI 0.84-0.96) children. The influence of N-SES on obesity showed a similar pattern, except for Moroccan children in whom obesity prevalence remained stable over the whole N-SES range. At the same N-SES, overweight and obesity prevalence was significantly higher in Turkish, Moroccan and especially South Asian children compared with Dutch children. Adjusting for N-SES attenuated the ethnic differences.

CONCLUSIONS

Neighbourhood SES was negatively associated with overweight and obesity rates in all ethnic groups, but only partly explained the ethnic differences in overweight and obesity prevalence.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Public Health and Primary Care, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, The Netherlands. Department of Child Health, TNO, Leiden, The Netherlands.Department of Youth Health Care, Centrum Jeugd en Gezin (Center for Youth and Family), The Hague, The Netherlands.Department of Public Health and Primary Care, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, The Netherlands. Department of Epidemiology, Municipal Health Service The Hague (GGD Haaglanden), The Hague, The Netherlands.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

30698695

Citation

de Wilde, J A., et al. "Effect of Neighbourhood Socioeconomic Status On Overweight and Obesity in Children 2-15 Years of Different Ethnic Groups." European Journal of Public Health, vol. 29, no. 4, 2019, pp. 796-801.
de Wilde JA, Eilander M, Middelkoop BJC. Effect of neighbourhood socioeconomic status on overweight and obesity in children 2-15 years of different ethnic groups. Eur J Public Health. 2019;29(4):796-801.
de Wilde, J. A., Eilander, M., & Middelkoop, B. J. C. (2019). Effect of neighbourhood socioeconomic status on overweight and obesity in children 2-15 years of different ethnic groups. European Journal of Public Health, 29(4), 796-801. https://doi.org/10.1093/eurpub/cky277
de Wilde JA, Eilander M, Middelkoop BJC. Effect of Neighbourhood Socioeconomic Status On Overweight and Obesity in Children 2-15 Years of Different Ethnic Groups. Eur J Public Health. 2019 08 1;29(4):796-801. PubMed PMID: 30698695.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Effect of neighbourhood socioeconomic status on overweight and obesity in children 2-15 years of different ethnic groups. AU - de Wilde,J A, AU - Eilander,M, AU - Middelkoop,B J C, PY - 2019/1/31/pubmed PY - 2020/10/6/medline PY - 2019/1/31/entrez SP - 796 EP - 801 JF - European journal of public health JO - Eur J Public Health VL - 29 IS - 4 N2 - BACKGROUND: Studies on the influence of neighbourhood socioeconomic status (N-SES) on overweight and obesity rates in children from different ethnic backgrounds are scarce. This study investigated the differential effect of N-SES on overweight (including obesity) and obesity prevalence in different ethnic groups, and if N-SES explains ethnic differences in the prevalence of overweight and obesity. DESIGN: A population based study of 109 766 body mass index (BMI) measurements of 86 209 children 2-15 years of Dutch, Turkish, Moroccan and South Asian descent. BMI class was determined with The International Obesity Task Force, and South Asian specific BMI cut-offs. WHO BMI criteria were applied for reference purposes. The effect of N-SES on prevalence rates was studied with generalized linear mixed models. RESULTS: Neighbourhood SES was negatively associated with overweight and obesity. However, the effect of N-SES on overweight was stronger in Dutch children (OR 0.75, 95% CI 0.73-0.77) than in Turkish (OR 0.86, 95% CI 0.82-0.90), Moroccan (OR 0.91, 95% CI 0.86-0.97) and South Asian (OR 0.90, 95% CI 0.84-0.96) children. The influence of N-SES on obesity showed a similar pattern, except for Moroccan children in whom obesity prevalence remained stable over the whole N-SES range. At the same N-SES, overweight and obesity prevalence was significantly higher in Turkish, Moroccan and especially South Asian children compared with Dutch children. Adjusting for N-SES attenuated the ethnic differences. CONCLUSIONS: Neighbourhood SES was negatively associated with overweight and obesity rates in all ethnic groups, but only partly explained the ethnic differences in overweight and obesity prevalence. SN - 1464-360X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/30698695/Effect_of_neighbourhood_socioeconomic_status_on_overweight_and_obesity_in_children_2_15_years_of_different_ethnic_groups_ L2 - https://academic.oup.com/eurpub/article-lookup/doi/10.1093/eurpub/cky277 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -