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Discrimination of Two Cultivars of Alpinia Officinarum Hance Using an Electronic Nose and Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry Coupled with Chemometrics.
Sensors (Basel). 2019 Jan 30; 19(3)S

Abstract

Background:

Alpinia officinarum Hance is both an herbal medicine and a condiment, and generally has different cultivars such as Zhutou galangal and Fengwo galangal. The appearance of these A. officinarum cultivars is similar, but their chemical composition and quality are different. It is therefore important to discriminate between different A. officinarum plants to ensure the consistency of the efficacy of the medicine. Therefore, we used an electronic nose (E-nose) to explore the differences in odor information between the two cultivars for fast and robust discrimination.

Methods:

Odor and volatile components of all A. officinarum samples were detected by the E-nose and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS), respectively. The E-nose sensors and GC-MS data were analyzed respectively by principal component analysis (PCA), the correlation between E-nose sensors and GC-MS data were analyzed by partial least squares (PLS).

Results:

It was found that Zhutou galangal and Fengwo galangal can be discriminated by combining the E-nose with PCA, and the E-nose sensors S2, S6, S7, S9 were important sensors for distinguishing different cultivars of A. officinarum. A total of 56 volatile components of A. officinarum were identified by the GC-MS analysis, and the composition and content of the volatile components from the two different A. officinarum cultivars were different, in particular the relative contents of 1,8-cineole and α-farnesene. The classification result by PCA analysis based on GC-MS data was consistent with the E-nose results. The PLS analysis demonstrated that the volatile terpene, alcohol and ester components primarily interacted with the sensors S2 and S7, indicating that particular E-nose sensors were highly correlated with some aroma constituents.

Conclusions:

Combined with advanced chemometrics, the E-nose detection technology can discriminate two cultivars of A. officinarum, with GC-MS providing support to determine the material basis of the E-nose sensors' response.

Authors+Show Affiliations

College of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Guangdong Pharmaceutical University, Guangzhou 510006, China. qinlong28@163.com.College of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Guangdong Pharmaceutical University, Guangzhou 510006, China. lizhongyxy@126.com.College of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Guangdong Pharmaceutical University, Guangzhou 510006, China. hblz99@21cn.com.School of Engineering, Computer and Mathematical Sciences, Auckland University of Technology, Private Bag 92006, Auckland 1142, New Zealand. hamid.gholamhosseini@aut.ac.nz.College of Medical Information Engineering, Guangdong Pharmaceutical University, Guangzhou 510006, China. zhhying1224@163.com.College of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Guangdong Pharmaceutical University, Guangzhou 510006, China. gdpuwsm@126.com. Key Laboratory of Digital Quality Evaluation of Chinese Materia Medica, State Administration of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Guangzhou 510006, China. gdpuwsm@126.com.School of Information Engineering, Guangdong University of Technology, Guangzhou 510006, China. dehanluo@gdut.edu.cn.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

30704021

Citation

Long, Qin, et al. "Discrimination of Two Cultivars of Alpinia Officinarum Hance Using an Electronic Nose and Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry Coupled With Chemometrics." Sensors (Basel, Switzerland), vol. 19, no. 3, 2019.
Long Q, Li Z, Han B, et al. Discrimination of Two Cultivars of Alpinia Officinarum Hance Using an Electronic Nose and Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry Coupled with Chemometrics. Sensors (Basel). 2019;19(3).
Long, Q., Li, Z., Han, B., Gholam Hosseini, H., Zhou, H., Wang, S., & Luo, D. (2019). Discrimination of Two Cultivars of Alpinia Officinarum Hance Using an Electronic Nose and Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry Coupled with Chemometrics. Sensors (Basel, Switzerland), 19(3). https://doi.org/10.3390/s19030572
Long Q, et al. Discrimination of Two Cultivars of Alpinia Officinarum Hance Using an Electronic Nose and Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry Coupled With Chemometrics. Sensors (Basel). 2019 Jan 30;19(3) PubMed PMID: 30704021.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Discrimination of Two Cultivars of Alpinia Officinarum Hance Using an Electronic Nose and Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry Coupled with Chemometrics. AU - Long,Qin, AU - Li,Zhong, AU - Han,Bin, AU - Gholam Hosseini,Hamid, AU - Zhou,Huaying, AU - Wang,Shumei, AU - Luo,Dehan, Y1 - 2019/01/30/ PY - 2019/01/09/received PY - 2019/01/25/revised PY - 2019/01/26/accepted PY - 2019/2/2/entrez PY - 2019/2/2/pubmed PY - 2019/2/13/medline KW - A. officinarum KW - E-nose KW - Fengwo galangal KW - GC-MS KW - PCA KW - PLS KW - Zhutou galangal KW - sensors JF - Sensors (Basel, Switzerland) JO - Sensors (Basel) VL - 19 IS - 3 N2 - Background: Alpinia officinarum Hance is both an herbal medicine and a condiment, and generally has different cultivars such as Zhutou galangal and Fengwo galangal. The appearance of these A. officinarum cultivars is similar, but their chemical composition and quality are different. It is therefore important to discriminate between different A. officinarum plants to ensure the consistency of the efficacy of the medicine. Therefore, we used an electronic nose (E-nose) to explore the differences in odor information between the two cultivars for fast and robust discrimination. Methods: Odor and volatile components of all A. officinarum samples were detected by the E-nose and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS), respectively. The E-nose sensors and GC-MS data were analyzed respectively by principal component analysis (PCA), the correlation between E-nose sensors and GC-MS data were analyzed by partial least squares (PLS). Results: It was found that Zhutou galangal and Fengwo galangal can be discriminated by combining the E-nose with PCA, and the E-nose sensors S2, S6, S7, S9 were important sensors for distinguishing different cultivars of A. officinarum. A total of 56 volatile components of A. officinarum were identified by the GC-MS analysis, and the composition and content of the volatile components from the two different A. officinarum cultivars were different, in particular the relative contents of 1,8-cineole and α-farnesene. The classification result by PCA analysis based on GC-MS data was consistent with the E-nose results. The PLS analysis demonstrated that the volatile terpene, alcohol and ester components primarily interacted with the sensors S2 and S7, indicating that particular E-nose sensors were highly correlated with some aroma constituents. Conclusions: Combined with advanced chemometrics, the E-nose detection technology can discriminate two cultivars of A. officinarum, with GC-MS providing support to determine the material basis of the E-nose sensors' response. SN - 1424-8220 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/30704021/Discrimination_of_Two_Cultivars_of_Alpinia_Officinarum_Hance_Using_an_Electronic_Nose_and_Gas_Chromatography_Mass_Spectrometry_Coupled_with_Chemometrics_ L2 - https://www.mdpi.com/resolver?pii=s19030572 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -