[The cutaneous porphyrias].Ann Dermatol Venereol. 2019 Feb; 146(2):143-159.AD
The porphyrias are a group of metabolic disorders resulting from an innate abnormality in haem biosynthesis, and the clinical settings of which vary according to the genetic enzyme abnormality in question. These are genetic disorders with autosomal dominant or recessive inheritance of varying penetrance, and whose clinical expression differs according to the preferential location of haem precursors. Different classifications have been proposed according to genetic inheritance, the enzyme anomaly at issue, and clinical expression. The clinical classification distinguishes between acute porphyria (acute intermittent porphyria, porphyria variegata, hereditary coproporphyria), bullous cutaneous porphyrias (porphyria cutanea tarda, porphyria variegata and hereditary coproporphyria), painful photosensitive acute cutaneous porphyrias (erythropoietic protoporphyria and X-linked dominant protoporphyria), and rare recessive porphyrias (congenital erythropoietic porphyria, Doss porphyria, hepatoerythropoietic porphyria and harderoporphyria). Treatment depends on the clinical expression of the disorder.