Facile Development Strategy of a Single Carbon-Fiber-Based All-Solid-State Flexible Lithium-Ion Battery for Wearable Electronics.ACS Appl Mater Interfaces. 2019 Feb 27; 11(8):7974-7980.AA
Microsized and shape-versatile flexible and wearable lithium-ion batteries (LIBs) are promising and smart energy storage devices for next-generation electronics. In the present work, we design and fabricate the first prototype of microsized fibrous LIBs (thickness ≈ 22 μm) based on multilayered coaxial structure of solid-state battery components over flexible and electrically conductive carbon fibers (CFs). The micro coaxial batteries over the CF surface were fabricated via electrophoretic deposition and dip-coating methods. The microfiber battery showed a stable potential window of 2.5 V with an areal discharge capacity of ∼4.2 μA h cm-2 at 13 μA cm-2 of the current density. The as-assembled battery fiber delivered a comparable energy density (∼0.006 W h cm-3) with solid-state lithium thin-film batteries at higher power densities (∼0.0312 W cm-3). The fibrous batteries were also connected in parallel and in series to deliver large current and high voltage, respectively. The fibrous battery also retains up to 85% discharge capacity even after 100 charge-discharge cycles. Furthermore, these battery fibers performed well under both static and bending conditions, which shows the robustness of the battery fiber. Therefore, this type of fibrous microbattery can be used in advanced flexible and wearable microelectronics, bioelectronics, robotics, and textile applications.