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The First Decade of Web-Based Sports Injury Surveillance: Descriptive Epidemiology of Injuries in US High School Boys' Basketball (2005-2006 Through 2013-2014) and National Collegiate Athletic Association Men's Basketball (2004-2005 Through 2013-2014).
J Athl Train. 2018 Nov; 53(11):1025-1036.JA

Abstract

CONTEXT

The advent of Web-based sports injury surveillance via programs such as the High School Reporting Information Online system and the National Collegiate Athletic Association Injury Surveillance Program has aided the acquisition of boys' and men's basketball injury data.

OBJECTIVE

To describe the epidemiology of injuries sustained in high school boys' basketball in the 2005-2006 through 2013-2014 academic years and collegiate men's basketball in the 2004-2005 through 2013-2014 academic years using Web-based sports injury surveillance.

DESIGN

Descriptive epidemiology study.

SETTING

Online injury surveillance from basketball teams of high school boys (annual average = 100) and collegiate men (annual average = 55).

PATIENTS OR OTHER PARTICIPANTS

Boys' and men's basketball players who participated in practices and competitions during the 2005-2006 through 2013-2014 academic years in high school or the 2004-2005 through 2013-2014 academic years in college.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES

Athletic trainers collected time-loss (≥24 hours) injury and exposure data. Injury rates per 1000 athlete-exposures (AEs) were calculated. Injury rate ratios (IRRs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) compared injury rates by school size or division, time in season, event type, and competition level.

RESULTS

The High School Reporting Information Online system documented 3056 time-loss injuries during 1 977 480 AEs; the National Collegiate Athletic Association Injury Surveillance Program documented 4607 time-loss injuries during 868 631 AEs. The injury rate was higher for college than for high school (5.30 versus 1.55/1000 AE; IRR = 3.43; 95% CI = 3.28, 3.59). The injury rate was higher for competitions than for practices in both high school (IRR = 2.38; 95% CI = 2.22, 2.56) and college (IRR = 2.02; 95% CI = 1.90, 2.14). The most common injuries at both levels were ligament sprains, muscle/tendon strains, and concussions; most injuries affected the ankle, knee, and head/face. Injuries were most often caused by contact with another player or noncontact mechanisms.

CONCLUSIONS

Injury rates were greater among collegiate players compared with high school players and were greater during competitions than practices at both levels. Distributions of injuries by body part, diagnoses, and mechanisms of injury were similar, suggesting that athletes at both levels may benefit from similar injury-prevention strategies.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Division of Athletic Training, School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences, The Ohio State University, Columbus.Division of Athletic Training, School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences, The Ohio State University, Columbus. Jameson Crane Sports Medicine Research Institute, The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center, The Ohio State University, Columbus.Department of Kinesiology and Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Virginia, Charlottesville.Department of Epidemiology, Colorado School of Public Health, University of Colorado Anschutz, Aurora.Department of Epidemiology, Colorado School of Public Health, University of Colorado Anschutz, Aurora.Datalys Center for Sports Injury Research and Prevention, Indianapolis, IN.Palo Alto Medical Foundation Research Institute.Department of Athletic Training, Lebanon Valley College, Annville, PA.Department of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Injury Prevention Research Center, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.Department of Epidemiology, Colorado School of Public Health, University of Colorado Anschutz, Aurora. Department of Pediatrics, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora.Injury Prevention Research Center, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Department of Exercise and Sport Science, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

30715912

Citation

Clifton, Daniel R., et al. "The First Decade of Web-Based Sports Injury Surveillance: Descriptive Epidemiology of Injuries in US High School Boys' Basketball (2005-2006 Through 2013-2014) and National Collegiate Athletic Association Men's Basketball (2004-2005 Through 2013-2014)." Journal of Athletic Training, vol. 53, no. 11, 2018, pp. 1025-1036.
Clifton DR, Onate JA, Hertel J, et al. The First Decade of Web-Based Sports Injury Surveillance: Descriptive Epidemiology of Injuries in US High School Boys' Basketball (2005-2006 Through 2013-2014) and National Collegiate Athletic Association Men's Basketball (2004-2005 Through 2013-2014). J Athl Train. 2018;53(11):1025-1036.
Clifton, D. R., Onate, J. A., Hertel, J., Pierpoint, L. A., Currie, D. W., Wasserman, E. B., Knowles, S. B., Dompier, T. P., Marshall, S. W., Comstock, R. D., & Kerr, Z. Y. (2018). The First Decade of Web-Based Sports Injury Surveillance: Descriptive Epidemiology of Injuries in US High School Boys' Basketball (2005-2006 Through 2013-2014) and National Collegiate Athletic Association Men's Basketball (2004-2005 Through 2013-2014). Journal of Athletic Training, 53(11), 1025-1036. https://doi.org/10.4085/1062-6050-148-17
Clifton DR, et al. The First Decade of Web-Based Sports Injury Surveillance: Descriptive Epidemiology of Injuries in US High School Boys' Basketball (2005-2006 Through 2013-2014) and National Collegiate Athletic Association Men's Basketball (2004-2005 Through 2013-2014). J Athl Train. 2018;53(11):1025-1036. PubMed PMID: 30715912.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The First Decade of Web-Based Sports Injury Surveillance: Descriptive Epidemiology of Injuries in US High School Boys' Basketball (2005-2006 Through 2013-2014) and National Collegiate Athletic Association Men's Basketball (2004-2005 Through 2013-2014). AU - Clifton,Daniel R, AU - Onate,James A, AU - Hertel,Jay, AU - Pierpoint,Lauren A, AU - Currie,Dustin W, AU - Wasserman,Erin B, AU - Knowles,Sarah B, AU - Dompier,Thomas P, AU - Marshall,Stephen W, AU - Comstock,R Dawn, AU - Kerr,Zachary Y, PY - 2019/2/5/entrez PY - 2019/2/5/pubmed PY - 2019/3/2/medline KW - basketball KW - injury surveillance KW - males SP - 1025 EP - 1036 JF - Journal of athletic training JO - J Athl Train VL - 53 IS - 11 N2 - CONTEXT: The advent of Web-based sports injury surveillance via programs such as the High School Reporting Information Online system and the National Collegiate Athletic Association Injury Surveillance Program has aided the acquisition of boys' and men's basketball injury data. OBJECTIVE: To describe the epidemiology of injuries sustained in high school boys' basketball in the 2005-2006 through 2013-2014 academic years and collegiate men's basketball in the 2004-2005 through 2013-2014 academic years using Web-based sports injury surveillance. DESIGN: Descriptive epidemiology study. SETTING: Online injury surveillance from basketball teams of high school boys (annual average = 100) and collegiate men (annual average = 55). PATIENTS OR OTHER PARTICIPANTS: Boys' and men's basketball players who participated in practices and competitions during the 2005-2006 through 2013-2014 academic years in high school or the 2004-2005 through 2013-2014 academic years in college. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Athletic trainers collected time-loss (≥24 hours) injury and exposure data. Injury rates per 1000 athlete-exposures (AEs) were calculated. Injury rate ratios (IRRs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) compared injury rates by school size or division, time in season, event type, and competition level. RESULTS: The High School Reporting Information Online system documented 3056 time-loss injuries during 1 977 480 AEs; the National Collegiate Athletic Association Injury Surveillance Program documented 4607 time-loss injuries during 868 631 AEs. The injury rate was higher for college than for high school (5.30 versus 1.55/1000 AE; IRR = 3.43; 95% CI = 3.28, 3.59). The injury rate was higher for competitions than for practices in both high school (IRR = 2.38; 95% CI = 2.22, 2.56) and college (IRR = 2.02; 95% CI = 1.90, 2.14). The most common injuries at both levels were ligament sprains, muscle/tendon strains, and concussions; most injuries affected the ankle, knee, and head/face. Injuries were most often caused by contact with another player or noncontact mechanisms. CONCLUSIONS: Injury rates were greater among collegiate players compared with high school players and were greater during competitions than practices at both levels. Distributions of injuries by body part, diagnoses, and mechanisms of injury were similar, suggesting that athletes at both levels may benefit from similar injury-prevention strategies. SN - 1938-162X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/30715912/The_First_Decade_of_Web_Based_Sports_Injury_Surveillance:_Descriptive_Epidemiology_of_Injuries_in_US_High_School_Boys'_Basketball__2005_2006_Through_2013_2014__and_National_Collegiate_Athletic_Association_Men's_Basketball__2004_2005_Through_2013_2014__ L2 - https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/pmid/30715912/ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -