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The First Decade of Web-Based Sports Injury Surveillance: Descriptive Epidemiology of Injuries in US High School Boys' Wrestling (2005-2006 Through 2013-2014) and National Collegiate Athletic Association Men's Wrestling (2004-2005 Through 2013-2014).
J Athl Train. 2018 Dec; 53(12):1143-1155.JA

Abstract

CONTEXT

The advent of Web-based sports injury surveillance via programs such as the High School Reporting Information Online system and the National Collegiate Athletic Association Injury Surveillance Program has aided the acquisition of wrestling injury data.

OBJECTIVE

To describe the epidemiology of injuries sustained in high school boys' wrestling in the 2005-2006 through 2013-2014 academic years and collegiate men's wrestling in the 2004-2005 through 2013-2014 academic years using Web-based sports injury surveillance.

DESIGN

Descriptive epidemiology study.

SETTING

Online injury surveillance from wrestling teams of high school boys (annual average = 100) and collegiate men (annual average = 11).

PATIENTS OR OTHER PARTICIPANTS

Male wrestlers who participated in practices and competitions during the 2005-2006 through 2013-2014 academic years in high school or the 2004-2005 through 2013-2014 academic years in college.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S)

Athletic trainers collected time-loss (≥24 hours) injuries and exposure data during this time period. Injury rates per 1000 athlete-exposures (AEs), injury rate ratios with 95% confidence intervals, and injury proportions by body site and diagnosis were calculated.

RESULTS

The High School Reporting Information Online documented 3376 time-loss injuries during 1 416 314 AEs; the National Collegiate Athletic Association Injury Surveillance Program documented 2387 time-loss injuries during 257 297 AEs. The total injury rate was higher in college than in high school (9.28 versus 2.38/1000 AEs; injury rate ratio = 3.89; 95% confidence interval = 3.69, 4.10). In high school, the most commonly injured body parts for both practices and competitions were the head/face (practices = 19.9%, competitions = 21.4%) and shoulder/clavicle (practices = 14.1%, competitions = 21.0%). In college, the most frequently injured body parts for both practices and competitions were the knee (practices = 16.7%, competitions = 30.4%) and head/face (practices = 12.1%, competitions = 14.6%).

CONCLUSIONS

Injury rates were higher in collegiate than in high school players, and the types of injuries sustained most often differed. Based on these results, continued study of primary and secondary prevention of injury in wrestlers across levels of competition is warranted.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Pediatrics, University of Washington, Seattle. Seattle Children's Research Institute. Harborview Injury Prevention and Research Center, Seattle, WA.Academic Affairs, Texas Woman's University, Denton.Department of Epidemiology, Colorado School of Public Health, University of Colorado Anschutz, Aurora.Department of Epidemiology, Colorado School of Public Health, University of Colorado Anschutz, Aurora.Palo Alto Medical Foundation Research Institute, CA.Datalys Center for Sports Injury Research and Prevention, Indianapolis, IN.Department of Athletic Training, Lebanon Valley College, Annville, PA.Department of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Injury Prevention Research Center, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.Department of Epidemiology, Colorado School of Public Health, University of Colorado Anschutz, Aurora. Department of Pediatrics, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora.Injury Prevention Research Center, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Department of Exercise and Sport Science, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

30721631

Citation

Kroshus, Emily, et al. "The First Decade of Web-Based Sports Injury Surveillance: Descriptive Epidemiology of Injuries in US High School Boys' Wrestling (2005-2006 Through 2013-2014) and National Collegiate Athletic Association Men's Wrestling (2004-2005 Through 2013-2014)." Journal of Athletic Training, vol. 53, no. 12, 2018, pp. 1143-1155.
Kroshus E, Utter AC, Pierpoint LA, et al. The First Decade of Web-Based Sports Injury Surveillance: Descriptive Epidemiology of Injuries in US High School Boys' Wrestling (2005-2006 Through 2013-2014) and National Collegiate Athletic Association Men's Wrestling (2004-2005 Through 2013-2014). J Athl Train. 2018;53(12):1143-1155.
Kroshus, E., Utter, A. C., Pierpoint, L. A., Currie, D. W., Knowles, S. B., Wasserman, E. B., Dompier, T. P., Marshall, S. W., Comstock, R. D., & Kerr, Z. Y. (2018). The First Decade of Web-Based Sports Injury Surveillance: Descriptive Epidemiology of Injuries in US High School Boys' Wrestling (2005-2006 Through 2013-2014) and National Collegiate Athletic Association Men's Wrestling (2004-2005 Through 2013-2014). Journal of Athletic Training, 53(12), 1143-1155. https://doi.org/10.4085/1062-6050-154-17
Kroshus E, et al. The First Decade of Web-Based Sports Injury Surveillance: Descriptive Epidemiology of Injuries in US High School Boys' Wrestling (2005-2006 Through 2013-2014) and National Collegiate Athletic Association Men's Wrestling (2004-2005 Through 2013-2014). J Athl Train. 2018;53(12):1143-1155. PubMed PMID: 30721631.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The First Decade of Web-Based Sports Injury Surveillance: Descriptive Epidemiology of Injuries in US High School Boys' Wrestling (2005-2006 Through 2013-2014) and National Collegiate Athletic Association Men's Wrestling (2004-2005 Through 2013-2014). AU - Kroshus,Emily, AU - Utter,Alan C, AU - Pierpoint,Lauren A, AU - Currie,Dustin W, AU - Knowles,Sarah B, AU - Wasserman,Erin B, AU - Dompier,Thomas P, AU - Marshall,Stephen W, AU - Comstock,R Dawn, AU - Kerr,Zachary Y, PY - 2019/2/6/entrez PY - 2019/2/6/pubmed PY - 2019/5/14/medline KW - concussions KW - injury prevention KW - musculoskeletal injuries KW - skin infections SP - 1143 EP - 1155 JF - Journal of athletic training JO - J Athl Train VL - 53 IS - 12 N2 - CONTEXT: The advent of Web-based sports injury surveillance via programs such as the High School Reporting Information Online system and the National Collegiate Athletic Association Injury Surveillance Program has aided the acquisition of wrestling injury data. OBJECTIVE: To describe the epidemiology of injuries sustained in high school boys' wrestling in the 2005-2006 through 2013-2014 academic years and collegiate men's wrestling in the 2004-2005 through 2013-2014 academic years using Web-based sports injury surveillance. DESIGN: Descriptive epidemiology study. SETTING: Online injury surveillance from wrestling teams of high school boys (annual average = 100) and collegiate men (annual average = 11). PATIENTS OR OTHER PARTICIPANTS: Male wrestlers who participated in practices and competitions during the 2005-2006 through 2013-2014 academic years in high school or the 2004-2005 through 2013-2014 academic years in college. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Athletic trainers collected time-loss (≥24 hours) injuries and exposure data during this time period. Injury rates per 1000 athlete-exposures (AEs), injury rate ratios with 95% confidence intervals, and injury proportions by body site and diagnosis were calculated. RESULTS: The High School Reporting Information Online documented 3376 time-loss injuries during 1 416 314 AEs; the National Collegiate Athletic Association Injury Surveillance Program documented 2387 time-loss injuries during 257 297 AEs. The total injury rate was higher in college than in high school (9.28 versus 2.38/1000 AEs; injury rate ratio = 3.89; 95% confidence interval = 3.69, 4.10). In high school, the most commonly injured body parts for both practices and competitions were the head/face (practices = 19.9%, competitions = 21.4%) and shoulder/clavicle (practices = 14.1%, competitions = 21.0%). In college, the most frequently injured body parts for both practices and competitions were the knee (practices = 16.7%, competitions = 30.4%) and head/face (practices = 12.1%, competitions = 14.6%). CONCLUSIONS: Injury rates were higher in collegiate than in high school players, and the types of injuries sustained most often differed. Based on these results, continued study of primary and secondary prevention of injury in wrestlers across levels of competition is warranted. SN - 1938-162X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/30721631/The_First_Decade_of_Web_Based_Sports_Injury_Surveillance:_Descriptive_Epidemiology_of_Injuries_in_US_High_School_Boys'_Wrestling__2005_2006_Through_2013_2014__and_National_Collegiate_Athletic_Association_Men's_Wrestling__2004_2005_Through_2013_2014__ L2 - https://meridian.allenpress.com/jat/article-lookup/doi/10.4085/1062-6050-154-17 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -