Development of morin/hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin inclusion complex: Enhancement of bioavailability, antihyperalgesic and anti-inflammatory effects.Food Chem Toxicol. 2019 Apr; 126:15-24.FC
Morin is a flavonoid has been reported with several pharmacological effects such as, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, anticancer, antidiabetic, etc. However, morin has low solubility in water, which decreases the bioavailability and limits its clinical application. In this way, to improve the pharmaceutical properties, morin was complexed in hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin (HP-β-CD) and its oral bioavailability and anti-inflammatory effects were evaluated. Initially, a phase solubility study was performed, which showed that HP-β-CD would be the better cyclodextrin for the formation of complexes with morin. The morin/HP-β-CD inclusion complex (1:1) was prepared by freeze-drying method. The sample obtained was characterized by DSC, FTIR, PXRD, SEM and 1H NMR techniques, evidencing the formation of morin/HP-β-CD inclusion complex. In addition, complexation efficiency (98.3%) and loading content (17.63%), determined by HPLC demonstrated that morin was efficiently complexed in HP-β-CD. In vitro dissolution study confirmed that morin/HP-β-CD inclusion complex increased the solubility and dissolution rate of morin. The oral bioavailability of the morin/HP-β-CD complex and free morin were evaluated through a pharmacokinetic study in rat plasma. The oral bioavailability of morin complexed with HP-β-CD was increased by 4.20 times compared with the free morin. Hyperalgesia induced by carrageenan and carrageenan-induced pleurisy were carried out in mice to evaluate the antihyperalgesic and anti-inflammatory activities of free morin and inclusion complex. Morin/HP-β-CD inclusion complex showed antihyperalgesic effect in inflammatory pain model and anti-inflammatory effect decreasing leukocyte migration and TNF-α levels at a lower dose than free morin. Therefore, the morin/HP-β-CD inclusion complex improved the solubility, dissolution rate, oral bioavailability, antihyperalgesic and anti-inflammatory effects of morin. In this way, the morin/HP-β-CD inclusion complex exhibits potential for development of new pharmaceutical product for future clinical applications.