Evaluating contemporary pain management practices in thyroid and parathyroid surgery: A national survey of head and neck endocrine surgeons.Head Neck. 2019 07; 41(7):2315-2323.HN
There is currently a lack of evidence-based guidelines regarding postoperative opioids after thyroid and parathyroid surgery. This study aimed to objectively characterize contemporary postoperative pain management practices via a national survey of head and neck endocrine surgeons.
A standardized electronic survey was distributed to the membership of the American Head and Neck Society's Endocrine section.
A total of 102 surgeons completed the survey representing a 34% response rate. In all, 65.7% of respondents utilize opioids with wide variations in the total morphine equivalents prescribed. Practice environment (χ2 = 10.0; P = 0.04) and performing preoperative pain counseling (χ2 = 9.7; P = 0.002) were significantly associated with a decreased likelihood of prescribing postoperative opioids. Utilization of non-opioid pain management strategies was common and significantly associated with performing outpatient surgery (χ2 = 6.2; P = 0.013) and preoperative pain counseling (χ2 = 4.5; P = 0.034).
Pain management practice patterns vary significantly among head and neck endocrine surgeons which further emphasize the need for evidence-based guidelines.