[Surgical treatment of portal hypertension in patients with liver cirrhosis].Arq Gastroenterol. 1988 Oct-Dec; 25(4):218-23.AG
Surgical options in the treatment of portal hypertension in cirrhotics are reviewed, regarding elective and emergency cases as well as the results in alcoholics and non-alcoholics. After literature review and personal experience analysis, it is concluded that endoscopic sclerotherapy should be the treatment of choice in cirrhotic patients with bleeding esophageal varices. When this fails, distal splenorenal shunt is indicated for compensated Child A and B. Regarding Child C and decompensated Child B, the choice should be a portocaval or meso caval shunts or esophageal transection with a stapler associated to splenectomy.