Coeliac disease detection with an IgA/IgG-deamidated gliadin peptide based point of care test in community pharmacies.Int J Clin Pharm. 2019 Apr; 41(2):583-588.IJ
Background Coeliac disease affects 1% of the population, but 75% remain undiagnosed. Objective To conduct a case finding feasibility and efficacy study for the detection of coeliac disease in community pharmacies. Setting Six community pharmacies across Sheffield, UK. Method A prospective study was performed using a point of care test, Simtomax® (IgA/IgG-deamidated gliadin peptide) (C-test) in pharmacies. Pharmacy customers with symptoms suggestive of or risk factors for coeliac disease were tested with the C-test. Positive individuals were referred for a gastroscopy with duodenal biopsies alongside conventional serology. People with known coeliac disease, those on a gluten free diet or those who were investigated for coeliac disease were excluded. Main outcome measure The case detection rate and the uptake rate of the C-test and gastroscopies. Results Five-hundred participants fulfilled the inclusion criteria and were tested with the C-test (369 females, 73.8%; age range 18-87, median 49). The C-test uptake rate was 63%, and the positive rate was 7.2% (36/500). Twenty-seven positive participants (75%) underwent further investigations, confirming three new cases of coeliac disease (0.6%). Conclusion It was feasible to use the C-test as a case finding tool in pharmacies. There was good uptake for the C-test, although the case detection rate and the test specificity were low. Based on this, the C-test has a limited role in case finding in a community pharmacy setting.