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Time course of recovery is similar for the back squat, bench press, and deadlift in well-trained males.
Appl Physiol Nutr Metab. 2019 Oct; 44(10):1033-1042.AP

Abstract

This study examined the time course of recovery following resistance exercise sessions in the back squat, bench press, and deadlift. Twelve well-trained males (age: 24.5 ± 3.8 years, body mass: 84.01 ± 15.44 kg, training age: 7.1 ± 4.2 years) performed 4 sets to failure at 80% of a 1-repetition maximum (1RM) on the squat, bench press, and deadlift in successive weeks. The bench press was always performed in week 2 with the squat and deadlift order counterbalanced between weeks 1 and 3. Indirect muscle damage and performance fatigue was assessed immediately before and after exercise and at 24 h, 48 h, 72 h, and 96 h postexercise. Outcome measures included limb swelling, joint range of motion, delayed onset muscle soreness, average concentric velocity (ACV) at 70% of 1RM, creatine kinase, lactate dehydrogenase, and cell-free DNA (cfDNA). Most measures demonstrated a main time effect (p < 0.05) within conditions; however, no between condition (p > 0.05) differences existed. ACV decreased in the squat condition for up to 72 h (p = 0.02, -8.61%) and in the bench press (p < 0.01, -26.69%) immediately postexercise but did not decline during the deadlift condition (p > 0.05). There was a main time effect for increased cfDNA in the squat (p < 0.01) and bench press (p < 0.05), but not the deadlift (p = 0.153). Further, immediately postexercise increases in cfDNA were directly related (p < 0.05) to changes in ACV in all 3 conditions. These results suggest that the deadlift does not result in greater muscle damage and recovery time than the squat and bench press following volume-type training in well-trained men. Further, acute changes in cfDNA may predict performance during the recovery period.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Florida Atlantic University, Department of Exercise Science and Health Promotion, Muscle Physiology Laboratory, Boca Raton, FL 33431, USA.Florida Atlantic University, Department of Exercise Science and Health Promotion, Muscle Physiology Laboratory, Boca Raton, FL 33431, USA.Florida Atlantic University, Department of Exercise Science and Health Promotion, Muscle Physiology Laboratory, Boca Raton, FL 33431, USA.Florida Atlantic University, Department of Exercise Science and Health Promotion, Muscle Physiology Laboratory, Boca Raton, FL 33431, USA.Sports Performance Research Institute New Zealand (SPRINZ), AUT University, Auckland 0632, New Zealand.Florida Atlantic University, Department of Exercise Science and Health Promotion, Muscle Physiology Laboratory, Boca Raton, FL 33431, USA.Florida Atlantic University, Department of Exercise Science and Health Promotion, Muscle Physiology Laboratory, Boca Raton, FL 33431, USA.Florida Atlantic University, Department of Exercise Science and Health Promotion, Muscle Physiology Laboratory, Boca Raton, FL 33431, USA.Florida Atlantic University, Department of Exercise Science and Health Promotion, Muscle Physiology Laboratory, Boca Raton, FL 33431, USA.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

30779596

Citation

Belcher, Daniel J., et al. "Time Course of Recovery Is Similar for the Back Squat, Bench Press, and Deadlift in Well-trained Males." Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism = Physiologie Appliquee, Nutrition Et Metabolisme, vol. 44, no. 10, 2019, pp. 1033-1042.
Belcher DJ, Sousa CA, Carzoli JP, et al. Time course of recovery is similar for the back squat, bench press, and deadlift in well-trained males. Appl Physiol Nutr Metab. 2019;44(10):1033-1042.
Belcher, D. J., Sousa, C. A., Carzoli, J. P., Johnson, T. K., Helms, E. R., Visavadiya, N. P., Zoeller, R. F., Whitehurst, M., & Zourdos, M. C. (2019). Time course of recovery is similar for the back squat, bench press, and deadlift in well-trained males. Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism = Physiologie Appliquee, Nutrition Et Metabolisme, 44(10), 1033-1042. https://doi.org/10.1139/apnm-2019-0004
Belcher DJ, et al. Time Course of Recovery Is Similar for the Back Squat, Bench Press, and Deadlift in Well-trained Males. Appl Physiol Nutr Metab. 2019;44(10):1033-1042. PubMed PMID: 30779596.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Time course of recovery is similar for the back squat, bench press, and deadlift in well-trained males. AU - Belcher,Daniel J, AU - Sousa,Colby A, AU - Carzoli,Joseph P, AU - Johnson,Trevor K, AU - Helms,Eric R, AU - Visavadiya,Nishant P, AU - Zoeller,Robert F, AU - Whitehurst,Michael, AU - Zourdos,Michael C, Y1 - 2019/02/19/ PY - 2019/2/20/pubmed PY - 2020/2/29/medline PY - 2019/2/20/entrez KW - dommages musculaires KW - entraînement à la force KW - exercices de résistance KW - fatigue KW - muscle damage KW - performance KW - programme KW - programming KW - resistance exercise KW - strength training SP - 1033 EP - 1042 JF - Applied physiology, nutrition, and metabolism = Physiologie appliquee, nutrition et metabolisme JO - Appl Physiol Nutr Metab VL - 44 IS - 10 N2 - This study examined the time course of recovery following resistance exercise sessions in the back squat, bench press, and deadlift. Twelve well-trained males (age: 24.5 ± 3.8 years, body mass: 84.01 ± 15.44 kg, training age: 7.1 ± 4.2 years) performed 4 sets to failure at 80% of a 1-repetition maximum (1RM) on the squat, bench press, and deadlift in successive weeks. The bench press was always performed in week 2 with the squat and deadlift order counterbalanced between weeks 1 and 3. Indirect muscle damage and performance fatigue was assessed immediately before and after exercise and at 24 h, 48 h, 72 h, and 96 h postexercise. Outcome measures included limb swelling, joint range of motion, delayed onset muscle soreness, average concentric velocity (ACV) at 70% of 1RM, creatine kinase, lactate dehydrogenase, and cell-free DNA (cfDNA). Most measures demonstrated a main time effect (p < 0.05) within conditions; however, no between condition (p > 0.05) differences existed. ACV decreased in the squat condition for up to 72 h (p = 0.02, -8.61%) and in the bench press (p < 0.01, -26.69%) immediately postexercise but did not decline during the deadlift condition (p > 0.05). There was a main time effect for increased cfDNA in the squat (p < 0.01) and bench press (p < 0.05), but not the deadlift (p = 0.153). Further, immediately postexercise increases in cfDNA were directly related (p < 0.05) to changes in ACV in all 3 conditions. These results suggest that the deadlift does not result in greater muscle damage and recovery time than the squat and bench press following volume-type training in well-trained men. Further, acute changes in cfDNA may predict performance during the recovery period. SN - 1715-5320 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/30779596/Time_course_of_recovery_is_similar_for_the_back_squat_bench_press_and_deadlift_in_well_trained_males_ L2 - https://cdnsciencepub.com/doi/10.1139/apnm-2019-0004?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&amp;rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&amp;rfr_dat=cr_pub=pubmed DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -