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Imaging of hydrosalpinx with torsion following tubal sterilization.

Abstract

Hydrosalpinx following tubal sterilization has been observed with increasing frequency. Women who have had PID or who have used IUDs might be at risk of developing this condition because they may already have occluded tubes from prior salpingitis. If a previously occluded tube is ligated or cauterized so that a second occlusion is created, hydrosalpinx may be anticipated. Often bilateral, hydrosalpinx may be present for years. Recurrent pelvic pain may signify intermittent noninfarctive torsion, but severe acute pain is a sign of torsion with impending infarction and gangrene in some patients. This condition has been detected by ultrasound and CT, enabling preoperative diagnosis. Presumably it will also be imaged by MR. Nontorsive hydrosalpinx is usually imaged as a thin-walled adnexal cyst. Torsion with infarction is seen as a larger cystic structure with thicker walls and internal debris from venous congestion and internal hemorrhage. Since 25 of 30 patients with post-tubal sterilization hydrosalpinx have presented with acute torsion, the significance of a nontorsive hydrosalpinx detected by any imaging modality should not be disregarded. Surgical removal or percutaneous puncture and drainage should be considered. Awareness of the patient's medical history is the key to diagnosis.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Diagnostic Imaging, Noble Hospital, Westfield, MA 01086.

Source

Seminars in ultrasound, CT, and MR 9:2 1988 Apr pg 175-82

MeSH

Adult
Fallopian Tube Diseases
Female
Humans
Middle Aged
Sterilization, Tubal
Tomography, X-Ray Computed
Torsion Abnormality
Ultrasonography

Pub Type(s)

Case Reports
Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

3078665

Citation

TY - JOUR T1 - Imaging of hydrosalpinx with torsion following tubal sterilization. A1 - Russin,L D, PY - 1988/4/1/pubmed PY - 1988/4/1/medline PY - 1988/4/1/entrez KW - Adnexal Effects KW - Biology KW - Examinations And Diagnoses KW - Fallopian Tubes KW - Family Planning KW - Female Sterilization KW - Genital Effects, Female KW - Genitalia KW - Genitalia, Female KW - Gynecologic Surgery--complications KW - Physical Examinations And Diagnoses KW - Physiology KW - Sterilization, Sexual KW - Surgery KW - Treatment KW - Tubal Effects KW - Tubal Ligation--complications KW - Tubal Occlusion--complications KW - Urogenital Surgery KW - Urogenital System SP - 175 EP - 82 JF - Seminars in ultrasound, CT, and MR JO - Semin. Ultrasound CT MR VL - 9 IS - 2 N2 - Hydrosalpinx following tubal sterilization has been observed with increasing frequency. Women who have had PID or who have used IUDs might be at risk of developing this condition because they may already have occluded tubes from prior salpingitis. If a previously occluded tube is ligated or cauterized so that a second occlusion is created, hydrosalpinx may be anticipated. Often bilateral, hydrosalpinx may be present for years. Recurrent pelvic pain may signify intermittent noninfarctive torsion, but severe acute pain is a sign of torsion with impending infarction and gangrene in some patients. This condition has been detected by ultrasound and CT, enabling preoperative diagnosis. Presumably it will also be imaged by MR. Nontorsive hydrosalpinx is usually imaged as a thin-walled adnexal cyst. Torsion with infarction is seen as a larger cystic structure with thicker walls and internal debris from venous congestion and internal hemorrhage. Since 25 of 30 patients with post-tubal sterilization hydrosalpinx have presented with acute torsion, the significance of a nontorsive hydrosalpinx detected by any imaging modality should not be disregarded. Surgical removal or percutaneous puncture and drainage should be considered. Awareness of the patient's medical history is the key to diagnosis. SN - 0887-2171 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/3078665/Imaging_of_hydrosalpinx_with_torsion_following_tubal_sterilization_ L2 - https://medlineplus.gov/tuballigation.html ER -