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The role of peer victimization, sexual identity, and gender on unhealthy weight control behaviors in a representative sample of Texas youth.
Int J Eat Disord. 2019 05; 52(5):597-601.IJ

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

The aim of the study is to examine the association between victimization and unhealthy weight control behaviors (UWCB), accounting for other key correlates of UWCB while considering the moderating role of sexual identity and gender.

METHOD

This study used data from the 2017 Texas Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS), a representative sample of students in grades 9-12 in the U.S. state of Texas, including 2,067 students (1,754 heterosexuals and 313 sexual minorities). We used survey-weighted logistic regression to examine the association of sexual identity, gender, and victimization (dating violence, cyberbullying, and school bullying) with UWCB, after adjusting for demographic information and indicators of weight, physical activity, and support from adults.

RESULTS

Unhealthy weight control behaviors were associated with older age, being obese, lack of support from adults, low physical activity, and cyberbullying. A significant three-way interaction between gender, sexual identity and bullying showed that bullying was associated with high levels of UWCB among sexual minority males.

DISCUSSION

Our study highlights the role of victimization in health behaviors for stigmatized groups, and the importance of school efforts to implement an equitable and safe learning environment for all students.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Social and Developmental Psychology, Faculty of Medicine and Psychology, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy.Population Research Center, Human Development and Family Sciences, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas.Population Research Center, Human Development and Family Sciences, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

30805974

Citation

Pistella, Jessica, et al. "The Role of Peer Victimization, Sexual Identity, and Gender On Unhealthy Weight Control Behaviors in a Representative Sample of Texas Youth." The International Journal of Eating Disorders, vol. 52, no. 5, 2019, pp. 597-601.
Pistella J, Ioverno S, Russell ST. The role of peer victimization, sexual identity, and gender on unhealthy weight control behaviors in a representative sample of Texas youth. Int J Eat Disord. 2019;52(5):597-601.
Pistella, J., Ioverno, S., & Russell, S. T. (2019). The role of peer victimization, sexual identity, and gender on unhealthy weight control behaviors in a representative sample of Texas youth. The International Journal of Eating Disorders, 52(5), 597-601. https://doi.org/10.1002/eat.23055
Pistella J, Ioverno S, Russell ST. The Role of Peer Victimization, Sexual Identity, and Gender On Unhealthy Weight Control Behaviors in a Representative Sample of Texas Youth. Int J Eat Disord. 2019;52(5):597-601. PubMed PMID: 30805974.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The role of peer victimization, sexual identity, and gender on unhealthy weight control behaviors in a representative sample of Texas youth. AU - Pistella,Jessica, AU - Ioverno,Salvatore, AU - Russell,Stephen T, Y1 - 2019/02/25/ PY - 2018/10/11/received PY - 2019/02/11/revised PY - 2019/02/12/accepted PY - 2019/2/26/pubmed PY - 2019/10/28/medline PY - 2019/2/27/entrez KW - adults' support KW - obesity KW - physical activity KW - sexual minorities KW - unhealthy weight control behaviors KW - victimization SP - 597 EP - 601 JF - The International journal of eating disorders JO - Int J Eat Disord VL - 52 IS - 5 N2 - OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study is to examine the association between victimization and unhealthy weight control behaviors (UWCB), accounting for other key correlates of UWCB while considering the moderating role of sexual identity and gender. METHOD: This study used data from the 2017 Texas Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS), a representative sample of students in grades 9-12 in the U.S. state of Texas, including 2,067 students (1,754 heterosexuals and 313 sexual minorities). We used survey-weighted logistic regression to examine the association of sexual identity, gender, and victimization (dating violence, cyberbullying, and school bullying) with UWCB, after adjusting for demographic information and indicators of weight, physical activity, and support from adults. RESULTS: Unhealthy weight control behaviors were associated with older age, being obese, lack of support from adults, low physical activity, and cyberbullying. A significant three-way interaction between gender, sexual identity and bullying showed that bullying was associated with high levels of UWCB among sexual minority males. DISCUSSION: Our study highlights the role of victimization in health behaviors for stigmatized groups, and the importance of school efforts to implement an equitable and safe learning environment for all students. SN - 1098-108X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/30805974/The_role_of_peer_victimization_sexual_identity_and_gender_on_unhealthy_weight_control_behaviors_in_a_representative_sample_of_Texas_youth_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1002/eat.23055 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -