Modulation of arachidonic acid metabolism in endotoxic horses: comparison of flunixin meglumine, phenylbutazone, and a selective thromboxane synthetase inhibitor.Am J Vet Res 1986; 47(1):110-3AJ
Two cyclooxygenase inhibitors (flunixin meglumine and phenylbutazone) and a selective thromboxane synthetase inhibitor were assessed in the management of experimental equine endotoxemia. Drugs or saline solution were administered to 16 horses 15 minutes before administration of a sublethal dose of endotoxin (Escherichia coli 055:B5). Plasma concentrations of thromboxane B2 (TxB2), prostacyclin (6-keto PGF1 alpha), plasma lactate, and hematologic values and clinical appearance were monitored for 3 hours after endotoxin administration. Pretreatment with flunixin meglumine (1 mg/kg of body weight) prevented most of the endotoxin-induced changes and correlated with a significant decrease in plasma TxB2 and 6-keto PGF1 alpha concentrations, compared with concentrations in nontreated horses (ie, pretreated with saline solution). Pretreatment with phenylbutazone (2 mg/kg) attenuated the effects of endotoxin and was associated with a brief, early, significant increase in plasma TxB2 concentrations, but not in plasma 6-keto PGF1 alpha concentrations. Pretreatment with the thromboxane synthetase inhibitor did not appear to clinically benefit the horses involved; however, arachidonic acid metabolism was redirected to prostacyclin production.