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Congruent phylogenetic relationships of Melaphidina aphids (Aphididae: Eriosomatinae: Fordini) according to nuclear and mitochondrial DNA data with taxonomic implications on generic limits.
PLoS One. 2019; 14(2):e0213181.Plos

Abstract

Melaphidina aphids (Rhus-gall aphids; Eriosomatinae: Fordini) comprise five genera from eastern Asia and one monotypic genus from eastern North America. Melaphidina are unique in feeding on plant species of Rhus subgenus Rhus (Anacardiaceae), on which they form galls during the summer. The phylogenetic relationships among some species of Melaphidina aphids remain controversial. In this study, we sought to resolve the backbone phylogeny of Melaphidina aphids by sampling 15 accessions representing all six genera, all species, and all subspecies except Meitanaphis microgallis using 20 gene regions: five nuclear genes as well as 13 protein-coding genes and two rRNA genes of the mitochondrial genome. Phylogenetic analyses included Bayesian and maximum likelihood methods. Independent analyses of nuclear and mitochondrial genes returned congruent topologies, and analyses of all gene regions combined showed well-supported relationships among Melaphidina species. In particular, these were: (1) Nurudea (excluding N. ibofushi) is sister to a clade composed of the five remaining genera; (2) the monotypic North American genus Melaphis is sister to a clade comprising the four remaining genera; and (3) (Schlechtendalia + N. ibofushi) is sister to the clade (Floraphis (Meitanaphis + Kaburagia). Our results support the transfer of Meitanaphis flavogallis to Kaburagia as an additional subspecies or species, and the recognition of Floraphis as a distinct genus. This study provides important molecular resources for subsequent evolutionary studies using more nuclear genes on the Melaphidina aphids and their close allies.

Authors+Show Affiliations

School of Life Science, Shanxi University, Taiyuan, Shanxi, China.Department of Biology, Utah State University, Logan, Utah, United States of America.Department of Biology, Oberlin College and Conservatory, Oberlin, Ohio.Data Science Lab, Office of the Chief Information Officer, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC, United States of America.Key Laboratory of Medicinal Animal and Plant Resources of the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau in Qinghai Province, School of Life Science, Qinghai Normal University, Xining, Qinghai, China.School of Life Science, Shanxi University, Taiyuan, Shanxi, China. Department of Botany MRC-166, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC, United States of America.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

30818396

Citation

Ren, Zhumei, et al. "Congruent Phylogenetic Relationships of Melaphidina Aphids (Aphididae: Eriosomatinae: Fordini) According to Nuclear and Mitochondrial DNA Data With Taxonomic Implications On Generic Limits." PloS One, vol. 14, no. 2, 2019, pp. e0213181.
Ren Z, von Dohlen CD, Harris AJ, et al. Congruent phylogenetic relationships of Melaphidina aphids (Aphididae: Eriosomatinae: Fordini) according to nuclear and mitochondrial DNA data with taxonomic implications on generic limits. PLoS One. 2019;14(2):e0213181.
Ren, Z., von Dohlen, C. D., Harris, A. J., Dikow, R. B., Su, X., & Wen, J. (2019). Congruent phylogenetic relationships of Melaphidina aphids (Aphididae: Eriosomatinae: Fordini) according to nuclear and mitochondrial DNA data with taxonomic implications on generic limits. PloS One, 14(2), e0213181. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0213181
Ren Z, et al. Congruent Phylogenetic Relationships of Melaphidina Aphids (Aphididae: Eriosomatinae: Fordini) According to Nuclear and Mitochondrial DNA Data With Taxonomic Implications On Generic Limits. PLoS One. 2019;14(2):e0213181. PubMed PMID: 30818396.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Congruent phylogenetic relationships of Melaphidina aphids (Aphididae: Eriosomatinae: Fordini) according to nuclear and mitochondrial DNA data with taxonomic implications on generic limits. AU - Ren,Zhumei, AU - von Dohlen,Carol D, AU - Harris,A J, AU - Dikow,Rebecca B, AU - Su,Xu, AU - Wen,Jun, Y1 - 2019/02/28/ PY - 2018/11/19/received PY - 2019/02/16/accepted PY - 2019/3/1/entrez PY - 2019/3/1/pubmed PY - 2019/12/18/medline SP - e0213181 EP - e0213181 JF - PloS one JO - PLoS One VL - 14 IS - 2 N2 - Melaphidina aphids (Rhus-gall aphids; Eriosomatinae: Fordini) comprise five genera from eastern Asia and one monotypic genus from eastern North America. Melaphidina are unique in feeding on plant species of Rhus subgenus Rhus (Anacardiaceae), on which they form galls during the summer. The phylogenetic relationships among some species of Melaphidina aphids remain controversial. In this study, we sought to resolve the backbone phylogeny of Melaphidina aphids by sampling 15 accessions representing all six genera, all species, and all subspecies except Meitanaphis microgallis using 20 gene regions: five nuclear genes as well as 13 protein-coding genes and two rRNA genes of the mitochondrial genome. Phylogenetic analyses included Bayesian and maximum likelihood methods. Independent analyses of nuclear and mitochondrial genes returned congruent topologies, and analyses of all gene regions combined showed well-supported relationships among Melaphidina species. In particular, these were: (1) Nurudea (excluding N. ibofushi) is sister to a clade composed of the five remaining genera; (2) the monotypic North American genus Melaphis is sister to a clade comprising the four remaining genera; and (3) (Schlechtendalia + N. ibofushi) is sister to the clade (Floraphis (Meitanaphis + Kaburagia). Our results support the transfer of Meitanaphis flavogallis to Kaburagia as an additional subspecies or species, and the recognition of Floraphis as a distinct genus. This study provides important molecular resources for subsequent evolutionary studies using more nuclear genes on the Melaphidina aphids and their close allies. SN - 1932-6203 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/30818396/Congruent_phylogenetic_relationships_of_Melaphidina_aphids__Aphididae:_Eriosomatinae:_Fordini__according_to_nuclear_and_mitochondrial_DNA_data_with_taxonomic_implications_on_generic_limits_ L2 - https://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0213181 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -