Clivopalate angle: a new diagnostic method for basilar invagination at magnetic resonance imaging.Eur Radiol. 2019 Jul; 29(7):3450-3457.ER
To investigate the diagnostic value of clivopalate angle (CPA) for basilar invagination (BI) at magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).
In this retrospective case-control study, CPA, clivodens angle (CDA), and clivoaxial angle (CXA) were measured on midsagittal MR images from 112 patients with BI (22 men; mean age, 43.9 years ± 13.1 years; range, 21-79 years) and 200 control subjects (57 men; mean age, 47.1 years ± 13.3 years; range, 20-80 years). Intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC), linear regression, Mann-Whitney U test, binary logistic regression, and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve were used for statistical analysis.
Clivopalate angle showed better inter-observer agreement (ICC = 0.951) than CXA (0.867) or CDA (0.853). CPA significantly correlated with CXA (R = 0.811, p < 0.001) and CDA (R = 0.716, p < 0.001). Patients with BI had a significantly smaller CPA (45.9° ± 9.9°) than control subjects (61.9° ± 6.2°) (p < 0.001). With the optimal cutoff value of 53.5°, CPA had a sensitivity of 0.839 (94/112) and a specificity of 0.915 (183/200). The area under the ROC curve (AUC) was 0.937 (95% CI, 0.911-0.963) for CPA, which was similar to that of CXA (AUC, 0.957; 95% CI, 0.936-0.978) or CDA (AUC, 0.925; 95% CI, 0.892-0.957). The combination of CPA and CDA or CXA showed a higher diagnostic value than CDA or CXA alone.
The diagnostic performance of CPA was similar to that of CXA or CDA, but CPA might be more reliable in evaluation of BI. CPA provided complementary information to CXA and CDA.
• Clivopalate angle has a high diagnostic value for basilar invagination. • Clivopalate angle demonstrates high inter-reader agreement than does clivoaxial angle or clivodens angle. • Clivopalate angle provides complementary information to clivoaxial angle and clivodens angle.