Outcome and Prognosis of Microsurgical Decompression in Idiopathic Severe Common Fibular Nerve Entrapment: Prospective Clinical Study.World Neurosurg. 2019 Jun; 126:e281-e287.WN
Compression of the common fibular nerve at the level of the fibular neck is considered to be the most frequent lower limb entrapment syndrome, which can be either idiopathic or secondary. Decompressive surgery is indicated only after failure of conservative treatment and/or severe neurologic deficit. The effectiveness of microsurgical decompression has been established only for secondary entrapment syndrome. The aim of this study is to assess the results of microsurgical decompression and establish the prognosis of idiopathic severe common fibular nerve entrapment.
Fifteen patients were included in this prospective clinical study and were followed at day 1 after surgery and later at 1, 6, and 12 months. More than half (64.3%) of patients had a total motor deficit (0/5). The median motor function preoperatively was 0/5. The average time of conservative treatment before surgery was 25.7 days (range 5-110 days). One patient refused surgical management.
Thirteen out of 14 patients who underwent surgery showed significant motor function improvement. The median motor strength at 12 months was 4.5/5. Half of the patients regained normal motor function. The only patient who did not improve had the longest time to surgery interval (110 days). The patient who refused surgery showed no improvement (0/5 at 12 months).
Microsurgical decompression should be considered early in the context of severe idiopathic common fibular nerve entrapment in order to get a favorable outcome.