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MIND not Mediterranean diet related to 12-year incidence of cognitive impairment in an Australian longitudinal cohort study.
Alzheimers Dement. 2019 04; 15(4):581-589.AD

Abstract

INTRODUCTION

Associations between the Mediterranean-DASH diet Intervention for Neurological Delay (MIND) diet and incidence of cognitive impairment have not been evaluated outside the United States.

METHODS

We investigated MIND and Mediterranean diet relations with 12-year incidence of Alzheimer's disease/Vascular dementia (National Institute of Neurological Disorders criteria) and mild cognitive impairment (Winbald criteria) in the Personality and Total Health (PATH) Through Life cohort (n = 1220) set in Canberra, Australia: wave-1 2001-2002; wave-2 2005-2006; wave-3 2009-2010; and wave-4 2013-2014. MIND diet and two alternate Mediterranean diet scores were calculated from the baseline food frequency questionnaire responses. Higher dietary scores signified greater adherence.

RESULTS

In adjusted logistic regression models, MIND diet (OR = 0.47, 95% CI 0.24, 0.91), but not Mediterranean diet, was associated with reduced odds of 12-year cognitive impairment.

DISCUSSION

Preliminary evidence suggests that protective effects of the MIND diet are geographically generalizable. Additional prospective studies are needed in diverse samples to determine the relative effects of the MIND and the Mediterranean diets against cognitive decline.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Centre for Research on Ageing Health and Wellbeing, School of Population Health, The Australian National University, Acton, A.C.T, Australia; Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence in Population Ageing Research, University of New South Wales, Sydney, N.S.W., Australia.Centre for Research on Ageing Health and Wellbeing, School of Population Health, The Australian National University, Acton, A.C.T, Australia; School of Psychology, University of New South Wales, Sydney, N.S.W., Australia.Centre for Research on Ageing Health and Wellbeing, School of Population Health, The Australian National University, Acton, A.C.T, Australia.Centre for Research on Ageing Health and Wellbeing, School of Population Health, The Australian National University, Acton, A.C.T, Australia; Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence in Population Ageing Research, University of New South Wales, Sydney, N.S.W., Australia; School of Psychology, University of New South Wales, Sydney, N.S.W., Australia; Neuroscience Research Australia, Randwick, N.S.W., Australia. Electronic address: k.anstey@unsw.edu.au.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

30826160

Citation

Hosking, Diane E., et al. "MIND Not Mediterranean Diet Related to 12-year Incidence of Cognitive Impairment in an Australian Longitudinal Cohort Study." Alzheimer's & Dementia : the Journal of the Alzheimer's Association, vol. 15, no. 4, 2019, pp. 581-589.
Hosking DE, Eramudugolla R, Cherbuin N, et al. MIND not Mediterranean diet related to 12-year incidence of cognitive impairment in an Australian longitudinal cohort study. Alzheimers Dement. 2019;15(4):581-589.
Hosking, D. E., Eramudugolla, R., Cherbuin, N., & Anstey, K. J. (2019). MIND not Mediterranean diet related to 12-year incidence of cognitive impairment in an Australian longitudinal cohort study. Alzheimer's & Dementia : the Journal of the Alzheimer's Association, 15(4), 581-589. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jalz.2018.12.011
Hosking DE, et al. MIND Not Mediterranean Diet Related to 12-year Incidence of Cognitive Impairment in an Australian Longitudinal Cohort Study. Alzheimers Dement. 2019;15(4):581-589. PubMed PMID: 30826160.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - MIND not Mediterranean diet related to 12-year incidence of cognitive impairment in an Australian longitudinal cohort study. AU - Hosking,Diane E, AU - Eramudugolla,Ranmalee, AU - Cherbuin,Nicolas, AU - Anstey,Kaarin J, Y1 - 2019/02/28/ PY - 2018/06/18/received PY - 2018/11/09/revised PY - 2018/12/02/accepted PY - 2019/3/4/pubmed PY - 2020/4/28/medline PY - 2019/3/4/entrez KW - Alzheimer's disease KW - Cognitive impairment KW - Dietary pattern KW - Longitudinal cohort study KW - MIND diet KW - Mediterranean diet KW - Mild cognitive impairment SP - 581 EP - 589 JF - Alzheimer's & dementia : the journal of the Alzheimer's Association JO - Alzheimers Dement VL - 15 IS - 4 N2 - INTRODUCTION: Associations between the Mediterranean-DASH diet Intervention for Neurological Delay (MIND) diet and incidence of cognitive impairment have not been evaluated outside the United States. METHODS: We investigated MIND and Mediterranean diet relations with 12-year incidence of Alzheimer's disease/Vascular dementia (National Institute of Neurological Disorders criteria) and mild cognitive impairment (Winbald criteria) in the Personality and Total Health (PATH) Through Life cohort (n = 1220) set in Canberra, Australia: wave-1 2001-2002; wave-2 2005-2006; wave-3 2009-2010; and wave-4 2013-2014. MIND diet and two alternate Mediterranean diet scores were calculated from the baseline food frequency questionnaire responses. Higher dietary scores signified greater adherence. RESULTS: In adjusted logistic regression models, MIND diet (OR = 0.47, 95% CI 0.24, 0.91), but not Mediterranean diet, was associated with reduced odds of 12-year cognitive impairment. DISCUSSION: Preliminary evidence suggests that protective effects of the MIND diet are geographically generalizable. Additional prospective studies are needed in diverse samples to determine the relative effects of the MIND and the Mediterranean diets against cognitive decline. SN - 1552-5279 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/30826160/MIND_not_Mediterranean_diet_related_to_12_year_incidence_of_cognitive_impairment_in_an_Australian_longitudinal_cohort_study_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1552-5260(18)33628-8 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -