Simultaneous regeneration of calcium lactate and cellulose into PCL nanofiber for biomedical application.Carbohydr Polym 2019; 212:21-29CP
Synthetic polymers are easy to process and have excellent mechanical properties but low wettability and poor cell compatibility limit their applications in tissue scaffolding. In this study, a facile procedure was established to regenerate cellulose and calcium lactate (CaL) into a polycaprolactone (PCL) nanofibrous scaffold for tissue engineering applications. Briefly, varying amounts of lactic acid (LA) was mixed with the blend of PCL and cellulose acetate (CA) solutions and electrospun to fabricate an optimal composite PCL/CA/LA fibrous membrane. Later on, as-prepared membranes were treated with calcium hydroxide solution. This process simultaneously converted CA and LA contents into Cellulose and CaL, respectively. In situ regeneration of Cellulose and CaL into the composite fiber remarkably enhanced the biological and physicochemical properties of the composite fiber. This work provides a novel dual-channel strategy for simultaneous regeneration of biopolymer and bioactive molecule into the PCL nanofiber for regenerative medicine and tissue engineering applications.