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Is one secure attachment enough? Infant cortisol reactivity and the security of infant-mother and infant-father attachments at the end of the first year.
Attach Hum Dev. 2019 10; 21(5):426-444.AH

Abstract

Attachment security is theorized to shape stress reactivity, but extant work has failed to find consistent links between attachment security to mothers and infant cortisol reactivity. We examined family configurations of infant-mother and infant-father attachment security in relation to infant cortisol reactivity. One-year old infants (N = 180) participated in the Strange Situation with mothers and fathers in two counterbalanced lab visits, one month apart (12 and 13 months). Infants with secure attachments only to their fathers and not their mothers had higher cortisol levels than infants with a secure attachment to mother and also exhibited a blunted cortisol response (high at baseline and then a decrease after stress). Results suggest that a secure attachment to father may not be enough to reduce infant stress reactivity when the infant-mother attachment is insecure, and future research is needed to uncover the family dynamics that underlie different family configurations of attachment security.

Authors+Show Affiliations

a Department of Psychology & William J. Shaw Center for Children and Families, University of Notre Dame , Notre Dame , IN , USA.b Department of Human Development and Family Studies, Auburn University , Auburn , AL , USA.c Department of Psychiatry, University of Michigan , Ann Arbor , MI , USA.d Department of Psychology, University of Michigan , Ann Arbor , MI , USA.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

30836833

Citation

Kuo, Patty X., et al. "Is One Secure Attachment Enough? Infant Cortisol Reactivity and the Security of Infant-mother and Infant-father Attachments at the End of the First Year." Attachment & Human Development, vol. 21, no. 5, 2019, pp. 426-444.
Kuo PX, Saini EK, Tengelitsch E, et al. Is one secure attachment enough? Infant cortisol reactivity and the security of infant-mother and infant-father attachments at the end of the first year. Attach Hum Dev. 2019;21(5):426-444.
Kuo, P. X., Saini, E. K., Tengelitsch, E., & Volling, B. L. (2019). Is one secure attachment enough? Infant cortisol reactivity and the security of infant-mother and infant-father attachments at the end of the first year. Attachment & Human Development, 21(5), 426-444. https://doi.org/10.1080/14616734.2019.1582595
Kuo PX, et al. Is One Secure Attachment Enough? Infant Cortisol Reactivity and the Security of Infant-mother and Infant-father Attachments at the End of the First Year. Attach Hum Dev. 2019;21(5):426-444. PubMed PMID: 30836833.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Is one secure attachment enough? Infant cortisol reactivity and the security of infant-mother and infant-father attachments at the end of the first year. AU - Kuo,Patty X, AU - Saini,Ekjyot K, AU - Tengelitsch,Elizabeth, AU - Volling,Brenda L, Y1 - 2019/03/06/ PY - 2019/3/7/pubmed PY - 2020/6/17/medline PY - 2019/3/7/entrez KW - Cortisol KW - fathers KW - infants KW - mothers KW - strange situation SP - 426 EP - 444 JF - Attachment & human development JO - Attach Hum Dev VL - 21 IS - 5 N2 - Attachment security is theorized to shape stress reactivity, but extant work has failed to find consistent links between attachment security to mothers and infant cortisol reactivity. We examined family configurations of infant-mother and infant-father attachment security in relation to infant cortisol reactivity. One-year old infants (N = 180) participated in the Strange Situation with mothers and fathers in two counterbalanced lab visits, one month apart (12 and 13 months). Infants with secure attachments only to their fathers and not their mothers had higher cortisol levels than infants with a secure attachment to mother and also exhibited a blunted cortisol response (high at baseline and then a decrease after stress). Results suggest that a secure attachment to father may not be enough to reduce infant stress reactivity when the infant-mother attachment is insecure, and future research is needed to uncover the family dynamics that underlie different family configurations of attachment security. SN - 1469-2988 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/30836833/Is_one_secure_attachment_enough_Infant_cortisol_reactivity_and_the_security_of_infant_mother_and_infant_father_attachments_at_the_end_of_the_first_year_ L2 - http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/14616734.2019.1582595 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -