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Breakfast skipping in Greek schoolchildren connected to an unhealthy lifestyle profile. Results from the National Action for Children's Health program.
Nutr Diet. 2019 07; 76(3):328-335.ND

Abstract

AIM

The aim of the present study was to examine prevalence and correlates of skipping breakfast in a representative sample of children and adolescents.

METHODS

Cross-sectional, observational study. Population data derived from a school-based health survey carried out in 2015 on 177 091 Greek children aged 8-17 years. Trained investigators performed all anthropometric evaluations. Breakfast skipping and adherence to the Mediterranean diet (MD) was assessed through the Mediterranean Diet Quality Index for children and adolescents. Physical activity status, sedentary activities and sleeping hours were assessed through self-completed questionnaires.

RESULTS

Almost one in four (22.4% of boys, 23.1% of girls) schoolchildren skipped breakfast. Participants' characteristics associated with skipping breakfast were being female, being older, being overweight/obese, poorer diet, inadequate physical activity levels, insufficient sleep and increased screen time. Regression models adjusted for several potential confounders demonstrated that poor dietary habits, insufficient sleeping status (<8-9 hours per day), and increased screen time (>2 hours per day), increased the odds for skipping breakfast by almost 80% (95% CI: 1.78-1.82), 23% (95% CI: 1.20-1.26) and 22.5% (95% CI: 1.19-1.26), respectively.

CONCLUSIONS

Skipping breakfast was common among schoolchildren. Participants who skipped breakfast tended to have an unhealthy lifestyle profile. Policies designed to increase breakfast consumption should target schoolchildren with unhealthy lifestyle profiles.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, School of Health Science & Education, Harokopio University, Athens, Greece.Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, School of Health Science & Education, Harokopio University, Athens, Greece.Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, School of Health Science & Education, Harokopio University, Athens, Greece. Department of Kinesiology and Health, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, New Jersey, USA.Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, School of Health Science & Education, Harokopio University, Athens, Greece. Department of Kinesiology and Health, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, New Jersey, USA.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Observational Study

Language

eng

PubMed ID

30838749

Citation

Tambalis, Konstantinos D., et al. "Breakfast Skipping in Greek Schoolchildren Connected to an Unhealthy Lifestyle Profile. Results From the National Action for Children's Health Program." Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia, vol. 76, no. 3, 2019, pp. 328-335.
Tambalis KD, Panagiotakos DB, Psarra G, et al. Breakfast skipping in Greek schoolchildren connected to an unhealthy lifestyle profile. Results from the National Action for Children's Health program. Nutr Diet. 2019;76(3):328-335.
Tambalis, K. D., Panagiotakos, D. B., Psarra, G., & Sidossis, L. S. (2019). Breakfast skipping in Greek schoolchildren connected to an unhealthy lifestyle profile. Results from the National Action for Children's Health program. Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia, 76(3), 328-335. https://doi.org/10.1111/1747-0080.12522
Tambalis KD, et al. Breakfast Skipping in Greek Schoolchildren Connected to an Unhealthy Lifestyle Profile. Results From the National Action for Children's Health Program. Nutr Diet. 2019;76(3):328-335. PubMed PMID: 30838749.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Breakfast skipping in Greek schoolchildren connected to an unhealthy lifestyle profile. Results from the National Action for Children's Health program. AU - Tambalis,Konstantinos D, AU - Panagiotakos,Demosthenes B, AU - Psarra,Glykeria, AU - Sidossis,Labros S, Y1 - 2019/03/05/ PY - 2018/08/21/received PY - 2019/01/29/revised PY - 2019/01/30/accepted PY - 2019/3/7/pubmed PY - 2020/5/12/medline PY - 2019/3/7/entrez KW - adolescents KW - breakfast KW - children KW - skipping SP - 328 EP - 335 JF - Nutrition & dietetics: the journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia JO - Nutr Diet VL - 76 IS - 3 N2 - AIM: The aim of the present study was to examine prevalence and correlates of skipping breakfast in a representative sample of children and adolescents. METHODS: Cross-sectional, observational study. Population data derived from a school-based health survey carried out in 2015 on 177 091 Greek children aged 8-17 years. Trained investigators performed all anthropometric evaluations. Breakfast skipping and adherence to the Mediterranean diet (MD) was assessed through the Mediterranean Diet Quality Index for children and adolescents. Physical activity status, sedentary activities and sleeping hours were assessed through self-completed questionnaires. RESULTS: Almost one in four (22.4% of boys, 23.1% of girls) schoolchildren skipped breakfast. Participants' characteristics associated with skipping breakfast were being female, being older, being overweight/obese, poorer diet, inadequate physical activity levels, insufficient sleep and increased screen time. Regression models adjusted for several potential confounders demonstrated that poor dietary habits, insufficient sleeping status (<8-9 hours per day), and increased screen time (>2 hours per day), increased the odds for skipping breakfast by almost 80% (95% CI: 1.78-1.82), 23% (95% CI: 1.20-1.26) and 22.5% (95% CI: 1.19-1.26), respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Skipping breakfast was common among schoolchildren. Participants who skipped breakfast tended to have an unhealthy lifestyle profile. Policies designed to increase breakfast consumption should target schoolchildren with unhealthy lifestyle profiles. SN - 1747-0080 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/30838749/Breakfast_skipping_in_Greek_schoolchildren_connected_to_an_unhealthy_lifestyle_profile__Results_from_the_National_Action_for_Children's_Health_program_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -