Phase 1 trial of dasatinib combined with afatinib for epidermal growth factor receptor- (EGFR-) mutated lung cancer with acquired tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) resistance.Br J Cancer 2019; 120(8):791-796BJ
Bypass activation of Src family kinases can confer resistance to EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) based on preclinical models. We prospectively assessed the safety and clinical activity of dasatinib and afatinib in combination for patients with resistant EGFR-mutant lung cancer.
An open-label, dose-escalation phase 1/2 trial (NCT01999985) with 2-stage expansion was conducted with 25 lung cancer patients. Dose expansion required activating EGFR mutations and progression following prior EGFR TKI.
Patients were 72% Caucasian and received median of 2 prior lines of therapy. Maximum-tolerated dose was 30 mg afatinib with 100 mg dasatinib. New or increased pleural effusions were observed in 56% of patients. No radiologic responses were observed, although several EGFR-mutant TKI-resistant patients (26%) had prolonged stable disease over 6 months. The combination reduced the EGFR mutation and T790M variant allele frequency in cell-free DNA (p < .05). Nonetheless, the threshold for futility was met, based on 6-month progression-free survival. For EGFR TKI-resistant patients, median progression-free survival was 3.7 months (95% confidence interval (CI), 2.3-5.0) and overall survival was 14.7 months (95% CI, 8.5-20.9).
The combination had a manageable toxicity profile and in vivo T790M modulation, but no objective clinical responses were observed.