All human monocytes have the capability of expressing HLA-DQ and HLA-DP molecules upon stimulation with interferon-gamma.J Immunol. 1986 Jul 15; 137(2):519-24.JI
We have simultaneously studied expression of all three classes of human Ia (HLA-DR, DP, and DQ) on normal human B cells and monocytes (M phi) by using two-color immunofluorescence and flow cytometry. Expression was investigated on freshly isolated cells and after incubation of cells for 48 and 96 hr in interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma). All freshly isolated B cells express high levels of DR, DQ, and DP, and these levels are unchanged by incubation with IFN-gamma for 48 hr and 96 hr. In contrast, freshly isolated M phi are on the average 91% DR+, 32% DQ+, and 15% DP+. Incubation with IFN-gamma increases Ia expression on M phi to 98% DR+, 75% DQ+, and 58% DP+ at 48 hr, with virtually all cells becoming positive for all three Ia antigens at 96 hr. Furthermore, after the 96-hr incubation, antigen density increases 10-fold for DR, 15-fold for DQ, and 15-fold for DP in M phi to reach levels of expression comparable with B cells. These studies demonstrate that all peripheral blood monocytes have the capacity to become HLA-DQ and HLA-DP positive; IFN-gamma regulates expression of all three classes of human Ia in M phi; and IFN-gamma does not significantly modulate Ia expression in B cells.