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Orthodontic treatment need, self-esteem, and oral health-related quality of life among 12-yr-old schoolchildren.
Eur J Oral Sci. 2019 06; 127(3):254-260.EJ

Abstract

The aim of this study was to investigate the association between orthodontic treatment need and oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) among 12-yr-old children. The study also assessed whether self-esteem modifies and/or moderates this relationship. Cross-sectional data on 406 schoolchildren aged 12 yr were analyzed. Data on socio-economic and demographic characteristics, dental pain, self-esteem, and OHRQoL were collected using validated questionnaires. Orthodontic treatment need was assessed, through dental examinations, using the dental aesthetic index (DAI). Multiple negative binomial regression and path analysis were used to estimate the association of orthodontic treatment need and self-esteem with OHRQoL. A modifying effect of self-esteem on the relationship between DAI and OHRQoL was observed. Self-esteem did not mediate the abovementioned relationship. Children with lower scores of self-esteem had worse OHRQoL among those with lower orthodontic treatment need (a DAI score of < 31). However, self-esteem did not influence the association between DAI and OHRQoL in children with greater orthodontic treatment need (a DAI score of ≥ 31). Self-esteem attenuated the impact of malocclusion on OHRQoL in children with minor or definite malocclusion, but not among those with severe or very severe malocclusion. Self-esteem appears to buffer the impact of malocclusion on OHRQoL in children with minor orthodontic treatment need.

Authors+Show Affiliations

School of Dentistry, Federal University of Amazonas, Manaus, Brazil.Academic Unit of Dentistry, Oral Health and Society, School of Clinical Dentistry, University of Sheffield, Sheffield, UK.School of Dentistry, Federal University of Amazonas, Manaus, Brazil.School of Dentistry, Federal University of Amazonas, Manaus, Brazil.School of Dentistry, Federal University of Amazonas, Manaus, Brazil.School of Dentistry, Federal University of Amazonas, Manaus, Brazil.School of Dentistry, Federal University of Amazonas, Manaus, Brazil.Superior School of Health Sciences, Amazonas State University, Manaus, Brazil. Instituto Leônidas e Maria Deane, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz, Manaus, Brazil.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

30891853

Citation

Herkrath, Ana P C Q., et al. "Orthodontic Treatment Need, Self-esteem, and Oral Health-related Quality of Life Among 12-yr-old Schoolchildren." European Journal of Oral Sciences, vol. 127, no. 3, 2019, pp. 254-260.
Herkrath APCQ, Vettore MV, de Queiroz AC, et al. Orthodontic treatment need, self-esteem, and oral health-related quality of life among 12-yr-old schoolchildren. Eur J Oral Sci. 2019;127(3):254-260.
Herkrath, A. P. C. Q., Vettore, M. V., de Queiroz, A. C., Alves, P. L. N., Leite, S. D. C., Pereira, J. V., Rebelo, M. A. B., & Herkrath, F. J. (2019). Orthodontic treatment need, self-esteem, and oral health-related quality of life among 12-yr-old schoolchildren. European Journal of Oral Sciences, 127(3), 254-260. https://doi.org/10.1111/eos.12611
Herkrath APCQ, et al. Orthodontic Treatment Need, Self-esteem, and Oral Health-related Quality of Life Among 12-yr-old Schoolchildren. Eur J Oral Sci. 2019;127(3):254-260. PubMed PMID: 30891853.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Orthodontic treatment need, self-esteem, and oral health-related quality of life among 12-yr-old schoolchildren. AU - Herkrath,Ana P C Q, AU - Vettore,Mario V, AU - de Queiroz,Adriana C, AU - Alves,Paula L N, AU - Leite,Sarah D C, AU - Pereira,Juliana V, AU - Rebelo,Maria A B, AU - Herkrath,Fernando J, Y1 - 2019/03/19/ PY - 2019/3/21/pubmed PY - 2020/6/24/medline PY - 2019/3/21/entrez KW - malocclusion KW - quality of life KW - self-concept SP - 254 EP - 260 JF - European journal of oral sciences JO - Eur. J. Oral Sci. VL - 127 IS - 3 N2 - The aim of this study was to investigate the association between orthodontic treatment need and oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) among 12-yr-old children. The study also assessed whether self-esteem modifies and/or moderates this relationship. Cross-sectional data on 406 schoolchildren aged 12 yr were analyzed. Data on socio-economic and demographic characteristics, dental pain, self-esteem, and OHRQoL were collected using validated questionnaires. Orthodontic treatment need was assessed, through dental examinations, using the dental aesthetic index (DAI). Multiple negative binomial regression and path analysis were used to estimate the association of orthodontic treatment need and self-esteem with OHRQoL. A modifying effect of self-esteem on the relationship between DAI and OHRQoL was observed. Self-esteem did not mediate the abovementioned relationship. Children with lower scores of self-esteem had worse OHRQoL among those with lower orthodontic treatment need (a DAI score of < 31). However, self-esteem did not influence the association between DAI and OHRQoL in children with greater orthodontic treatment need (a DAI score of ≥ 31). Self-esteem attenuated the impact of malocclusion on OHRQoL in children with minor or definite malocclusion, but not among those with severe or very severe malocclusion. Self-esteem appears to buffer the impact of malocclusion on OHRQoL in children with minor orthodontic treatment need. SN - 1600-0722 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/30891853/Orthodontic_treatment_need_self_esteem_and_oral_health_related_quality_of_life_among_12_yr_old_schoolchildren_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1111/eos.12611 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -