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A case-control study of risk factors associated with Zoon balanitis in men.
J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol 2019; 33(8):1591-1594JE

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Zoon balanitis (ZB) is a chronic inflammatory benign mucositis. Its etiopathogenesis still remains hypothetical and speculative.

OBJECTIVES

To determine risk factors associated with genital ZB in men.

METHODS

This is a case-control study including 30 patients diagnosed with ZB and 54 patients with dermatological diseases other than ZB enrolled in the Dermatological Clinic of the University of Padova, Italy, from September 2015 to June 2018. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were used for analysis of data collected.

RESULTS

According to multivariate logistic regression analysis, risk factors for ZB were as follows: the mean daily cigarettes consumption (OR 1.065; 95% CI 1.8-11.4; P = 0.006) and the number of weekly foreskin retractions (OR 0.847; 95% CI 5.5-24.1; P = 0.003). There were no statistically significant differences between cases and controls according to age, presence of circumcision as well in number of sexual partners.

CONCLUSIONS

To our knowledge, this is the first case-control study showing that smoking and poor genital hygiene are associated with being affected by ZB.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Unit of Dermatology, Department of Medicine - DIMED, University of Padova, Padova, Italy.Unit of Dermatology, Department of Medicine - DIMED, University of Padova, Padova, Italy.Ben Gurion University of the Negev, Beer Sheva, Israel.Unit of Dermatology, Department of Medicine - DIMED, University of Padova, Padova, Italy.Unit of Dermatology, Department of Medicine - DIMED, University of Padova, Padova, Italy.Urology Department, University of Padova, Padova, Italy.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

30903714

Citation

Piaserico, S, et al. "A Case-control Study of Risk Factors Associated With Zoon Balanitis in Men." Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology : JEADV, vol. 33, no. 8, 2019, pp. 1591-1594.
Piaserico S, Orlando G, Linder MD, et al. A case-control study of risk factors associated with Zoon balanitis in men. J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol. 2019;33(8):1591-1594.
Piaserico, S., Orlando, G., Linder, M. D., Cappozzo, P., Zarian, H., & Iafrate, M. (2019). A case-control study of risk factors associated with Zoon balanitis in men. Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology : JEADV, 33(8), pp. 1591-1594. doi:10.1111/jdv.15594.
Piaserico S, et al. A Case-control Study of Risk Factors Associated With Zoon Balanitis in Men. J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol. 2019;33(8):1591-1594. PubMed PMID: 30903714.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - A case-control study of risk factors associated with Zoon balanitis in men. AU - Piaserico,S, AU - Orlando,G, AU - Linder,M D, AU - Cappozzo,P, AU - Zarian,H, AU - Iafrate,M, Y1 - 2019/04/03/ PY - 2019/01/06/received PY - 2019/03/06/accepted PY - 2019/3/25/pubmed PY - 2019/3/25/medline PY - 2019/3/24/entrez SP - 1591 EP - 1594 JF - Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology : JEADV JO - J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol VL - 33 IS - 8 N2 - BACKGROUND: Zoon balanitis (ZB) is a chronic inflammatory benign mucositis. Its etiopathogenesis still remains hypothetical and speculative. OBJECTIVES: To determine risk factors associated with genital ZB in men. METHODS: This is a case-control study including 30 patients diagnosed with ZB and 54 patients with dermatological diseases other than ZB enrolled in the Dermatological Clinic of the University of Padova, Italy, from September 2015 to June 2018. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were used for analysis of data collected. RESULTS: According to multivariate logistic regression analysis, risk factors for ZB were as follows: the mean daily cigarettes consumption (OR 1.065; 95% CI 1.8-11.4; P = 0.006) and the number of weekly foreskin retractions (OR 0.847; 95% CI 5.5-24.1; P = 0.003). There were no statistically significant differences between cases and controls according to age, presence of circumcision as well in number of sexual partners. CONCLUSIONS: To our knowledge, this is the first case-control study showing that smoking and poor genital hygiene are associated with being affected by ZB. SN - 1468-3083 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/30903714/A_case-control_study_of_risk_factors_associated_with_Zoon_balanitis_in_men L2 - https://doi.org/10.1111/jdv.15594 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -