Plastic bread clip impacted in gastrointestinal tract: a case report and review of the literature.Clin J Gastroenterol. 2019 Oct; 12(5):441-446.CJ
A 79-year-old initially presented to her general practitioner for a 6-week history of nausea, intermittent abdominal pain and altered bowel habits. Colonoscopy was performed to investigate her symptoms and revealed a bread clip that was adherent to the sigmoid colon mucosa, unable to be retrieved. A CT scan was performed to exclude any associated complication, which showed no evidence of perforation or collection. A repeat colonoscopy by a more experienced endoscopist again failed to retrieve the bread clip. Eventually, the bread clip had to be removed through a laparotomy and colotomy. We performed a thorough literature review, which revealed 26 studies (totalling 38 cases) of bread clip ingestion. Many of the reported cases presented with abdominal pain, bowel obstruction, or perforation and carried a small mortality risk.