HDAC1 negatively regulates selective mitotic chromatin binding of the Notch effector RBPJ in a KDM5A-dependent manner.Nucleic Acids Res. 2019 05 21; 47(9):4521-4538.NA
Faithful propagation of transcription programs through cell division underlies cell-identity maintenance. Transcriptional regulators selectively bound on mitotic chromatin are emerging critical elements for mitotic transcriptional memory; however, mechanisms governing their site-selective binding remain elusive. By studying how protein-protein interactions impact mitotic chromatin binding of RBPJ, the major downstream effector of the Notch signaling pathway, we found that histone modifying enzymes HDAC1 and KDM5A play critical, regulatory roles in this process. We found that HDAC1 knockdown or inactivation leads to increased RBPJ occupancy on mitotic chromatin in a site-specific manner, with a concomitant increase of KDM5A occupancy at these sites. Strikingly, the presence of KDM5A is essential for increased RBPJ occupancy. Our results uncover a regulatory mechanism in which HDAC1 negatively regulates RBPJ binding on mitotic chromatin in a KDM5A-dependent manner. We propose that relative chromatin affinity of a minimal regulatory complex, reflecting a specific transcription program, renders selective RBPJ binding on mitotic chromatin.