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Coaching and/or education intervention for parents with overweight/obesity and their children: study protocol of a single-centre randomized controlled trial.
BMC Public Health. 2019 Mar 28; 19(1):345.BP

Abstract

BACKGROUND

In Canada, a majority of children and adults are insufficiently active for health gains, and about one in seven children and over 20% of adults are overweight or obese. Overweight and obesity are risk factors for many chronic diseases in both adults and children and can result in lower quality and quantity of life. Children whose parents are overweight or obese are more likely to become overweight themselves. Thus, parent/child interventions are important for reducing obesity and promoting long-term healthy weights among members of the family unit. Programs using Co-Active coaching have resulted in positive behaviour changes among adults with overweight/obesity; however, little research has explored the effects of Co-Active coaching on parents, and the consequent impact on the family unit (i.e. all parents and children in the same household). This protocol paper provides a detailed methodological account of a coaching-based program targeting parent and child dyads, in hopes of enhancing health behaviours within the family unit.

METHODS

Using a randomized controlled trial design, the researchers aim to identify the impact of coaching plus education (intervention) compared to education only (control) on parents with overweight/obesity and their children (ages 2.5-10, of any weight). A total of 50 dyads are being recruited and randomly assigned using a 1:1 ratio into the control or intervention group. The control group receive 6 webinar-based education sessions focused on physical activity and nutrition. The intervention group receive the same education sessions and nine, 20-min telephone-based sessions with a certified coach. Coaching and health education sessions are conducted with the parent/guardian of the dyad. This paper provides a detailed methodological account of this program.

DISCUSSION

The expected findings from this research will advance coaching literature, research, and practice on this topic by determining whether coaching and education are more effective than education alone at producing behaviour changes among a family unit. If proven effective, this approach may be applied more broadly through public health interventionists to parent and child populations in hopes of affecting change with both individuals and their families.

TRIAL REGISTRATION

ISRCTN ISRCTN69091372 . Retrospectively registered 24 September 2018.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Western University, 1151 Richmond St. (Arthur & Sonia Labatt Health Sciences Building), London, ON, Canada. Health & Rehabilitation Sciences, 1151 Richmond St. (Arthur & Sonia Labatt Health Sciences Building), London, ON, Canada.Department of Emergency Medicine, Scarborough Health Network - Centenary Campus, 2867 Ellesmere Road, Scarborough, ON, Canada.Western University, 1151 Richmond St. (Arthur & Sonia Labatt Health Sciences Building), London, ON, Canada. Food and Nutritional Sciences, Brescia University College, 1285 Western Road, London, ON, Canada.Western University, 1151 Richmond St. (Arthur & Sonia Labatt Health Sciences Building), London, ON, Canada. Health & Rehabilitation Sciences, 1151 Richmond St. (Arthur & Sonia Labatt Health Sciences Building), London, ON, Canada. School of Health Studies, 1151 Richmond St. (Arthur & Sonia Labatt Health Sciences Building), London, ON, Canada.Western University, 1151 Richmond St. (Arthur & Sonia Labatt Health Sciences Building), London, ON, Canada. Health & Rehabilitation Sciences, 1151 Richmond St. (Arthur & Sonia Labatt Health Sciences Building), London, ON, Canada. School of Kinesiology, London, ON, Canada.School of Kinesiology, Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences Sanders Fieldhouse, Lakehead University, Thunder Bay, Canada.Western University, 1151 Richmond St. (Arthur & Sonia Labatt Health Sciences Building), London, ON, Canada. Health & Rehabilitation Sciences, 1151 Richmond St. (Arthur & Sonia Labatt Health Sciences Building), London, ON, Canada. School of Occupational Therapy, Elborn College, 1201 Western Road (Elborn College), London, ON, Canada.Western University, 1151 Richmond St. (Arthur & Sonia Labatt Health Sciences Building), London, ON, Canada. School of Health Studies, 1151 Richmond St. (Arthur & Sonia Labatt Health Sciences Building), London, ON, Canada.Middlesex London Health Unit, Healthy Living Department, 50 King St, London, ON, Canada.Western University, 1151 Richmond St. (Arthur & Sonia Labatt Health Sciences Building), London, ON, Canada. School of Kinesiology, London, ON, Canada. Schulich School of Medicine and Dentistry, 1151 Richmond St, London, ON, Canada.Western University, 1151 Richmond St. (Arthur & Sonia Labatt Health Sciences Building), London, ON, Canada. jenirwin@uwo.ca. Health & Rehabilitation Sciences, 1151 Richmond St. (Arthur & Sonia Labatt Health Sciences Building), London, ON, Canada. jenirwin@uwo.ca. School of Health Studies, 1151 Richmond St. (Arthur & Sonia Labatt Health Sciences Building), London, ON, Canada. jenirwin@uwo.ca.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Randomized Controlled Trial

Language

eng

PubMed ID

30922282

Citation

Karmali, Shazya, et al. "Coaching And/or Education Intervention for Parents With Overweight/obesity and Their Children: Study Protocol of a Single-centre Randomized Controlled Trial." BMC Public Health, vol. 19, no. 1, 2019, p. 345.
Karmali S, Ng V, Battram D, et al. Coaching and/or education intervention for parents with overweight/obesity and their children: study protocol of a single-centre randomized controlled trial. BMC Public Health. 2019;19(1):345.
Karmali, S., Ng, V., Battram, D., Burke, S., Morrow, D., Pearson, E. S., Tucker, P., Mantler, T., Cramp, A., Petrella, R., & Irwin, J. D. (2019). Coaching and/or education intervention for parents with overweight/obesity and their children: study protocol of a single-centre randomized controlled trial. BMC Public Health, 19(1), 345. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-019-6640-5
Karmali S, et al. Coaching And/or Education Intervention for Parents With Overweight/obesity and Their Children: Study Protocol of a Single-centre Randomized Controlled Trial. BMC Public Health. 2019 Mar 28;19(1):345. PubMed PMID: 30922282.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Coaching and/or education intervention for parents with overweight/obesity and their children: study protocol of a single-centre randomized controlled trial. AU - Karmali,Shazya, AU - Ng,Victor, AU - Battram,Danielle, AU - Burke,Shauna, AU - Morrow,Don, AU - Pearson,Erin S, AU - Tucker,Patricia, AU - Mantler,Tara, AU - Cramp,Anita, AU - Petrella,Robert, AU - Irwin,Jennifer D, Y1 - 2019/03/28/ PY - 2018/10/02/received PY - 2019/03/10/accepted PY - 2019/3/30/entrez PY - 2019/3/30/pubmed PY - 2019/5/10/medline KW - Behavioural intervention KW - Coaching KW - Overweight/obesity prevention KW - Overweight/obesity treatment KW - Parent-child SP - 345 EP - 345 JF - BMC public health JO - BMC Public Health VL - 19 IS - 1 N2 - BACKGROUND: In Canada, a majority of children and adults are insufficiently active for health gains, and about one in seven children and over 20% of adults are overweight or obese. Overweight and obesity are risk factors for many chronic diseases in both adults and children and can result in lower quality and quantity of life. Children whose parents are overweight or obese are more likely to become overweight themselves. Thus, parent/child interventions are important for reducing obesity and promoting long-term healthy weights among members of the family unit. Programs using Co-Active coaching have resulted in positive behaviour changes among adults with overweight/obesity; however, little research has explored the effects of Co-Active coaching on parents, and the consequent impact on the family unit (i.e. all parents and children in the same household). This protocol paper provides a detailed methodological account of a coaching-based program targeting parent and child dyads, in hopes of enhancing health behaviours within the family unit. METHODS: Using a randomized controlled trial design, the researchers aim to identify the impact of coaching plus education (intervention) compared to education only (control) on parents with overweight/obesity and their children (ages 2.5-10, of any weight). A total of 50 dyads are being recruited and randomly assigned using a 1:1 ratio into the control or intervention group. The control group receive 6 webinar-based education sessions focused on physical activity and nutrition. The intervention group receive the same education sessions and nine, 20-min telephone-based sessions with a certified coach. Coaching and health education sessions are conducted with the parent/guardian of the dyad. This paper provides a detailed methodological account of this program. DISCUSSION: The expected findings from this research will advance coaching literature, research, and practice on this topic by determining whether coaching and education are more effective than education alone at producing behaviour changes among a family unit. If proven effective, this approach may be applied more broadly through public health interventionists to parent and child populations in hopes of affecting change with both individuals and their families. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ISRCTN ISRCTN69091372 . Retrospectively registered 24 September 2018. SN - 1471-2458 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/30922282/Coaching_and/or_education_intervention_for_parents_with_overweight/obesity_and_their_children:_study_protocol_of_a_single_centre_randomized_controlled_trial_ L2 - https://bmcpublichealth.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12889-019-6640-5 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -