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Associations Between Maternal Control and Child Defiance Among Puerto Rican-Origin Adolescent Mothers and Their Toddlers: A Person-Centered Examination.
J Lat Psychol 2018; 6(4):264-275JL

Abstract

Parents use different forms of control to direct children toward their own demands and expectations; however, the literature on Latina parenting has demonstrated mixed findings on the influence of control on child outcomes (Halgunseth, Ispa, & Rudy, 2006). This study tested how maternal control relates to child dysregulated defiance within the cultural context experienced by Latina mother-child dyads. Participants included 122 adolescent mothers of Puerto Rican-origin and their toddlers. Highlighting the importance of ecologically-valid and culturally-sensitive methods of behavioral observation, mother and child behavior were observed during a clean-up task; mothers also reported on their levels of US acculturation and Puerto Rican enculturation. Using person-centered analyses, we identified groups of mothers by parenting behaviors (i.e., guidance, control, positive affect) and cultural orientation (i.e., acculturation, enculturation). Results revealed four sub-groups of mothers with distinct associations to child defiance: 1) enculturated/controlling, 2) bicultural/guiding, 3) bicultural/controlling, 4) acculturated/controlling. Toddlers of the mothers in the acculturated/controlling sub-group displayed greater defiance toward their mothers than those of mothers in the enculturated/controlling sub-group, even though the groups displayed similar levels of control behaviors and positive affect. Toddlers of the enculturated/controlling and the bicultural/guiding mothers displayed similar low levels of defiance, suggesting two different parenting approaches with favorable consequences for child behavior in adolescent mother and toddler dyads. Implications for culturally-informed research and tailored services for young Latina families are discussed.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Kent State University.Kent State University.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

30923660

Citation

Wood, Lauren E., and Josefina M. Grau. "Associations Between Maternal Control and Child Defiance Among Puerto Rican-Origin Adolescent Mothers and Their Toddlers: a Person-Centered Examination." Journal of Latina/o Psychology, vol. 6, no. 4, 2018, pp. 264-275.
Wood LE, Grau JM. Associations Between Maternal Control and Child Defiance Among Puerto Rican-Origin Adolescent Mothers and Their Toddlers: A Person-Centered Examination. J Lat Psychol. 2018;6(4):264-275.
Wood, L. E., & Grau, J. M. (2018). Associations Between Maternal Control and Child Defiance Among Puerto Rican-Origin Adolescent Mothers and Their Toddlers: A Person-Centered Examination. Journal of Latina/o Psychology, 6(4), pp. 264-275. doi:10.1037/lat0000120.
Wood LE, Grau JM. Associations Between Maternal Control and Child Defiance Among Puerto Rican-Origin Adolescent Mothers and Their Toddlers: a Person-Centered Examination. J Lat Psychol. 2018;6(4):264-275. PubMed PMID: 30923660.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Associations Between Maternal Control and Child Defiance Among Puerto Rican-Origin Adolescent Mothers and Their Toddlers: A Person-Centered Examination. AU - Wood,Lauren E, AU - Grau,Josefina M, PY - 2019/3/30/entrez PY - 2019/3/30/pubmed PY - 2019/3/30/medline KW - Latina mothers KW - adolescent mothers KW - cultural orientation KW - maternal control KW - toddler defiance SP - 264 EP - 275 JF - Journal of Latina/o psychology JO - J Lat Psychol VL - 6 IS - 4 N2 - Parents use different forms of control to direct children toward their own demands and expectations; however, the literature on Latina parenting has demonstrated mixed findings on the influence of control on child outcomes (Halgunseth, Ispa, & Rudy, 2006). This study tested how maternal control relates to child dysregulated defiance within the cultural context experienced by Latina mother-child dyads. Participants included 122 adolescent mothers of Puerto Rican-origin and their toddlers. Highlighting the importance of ecologically-valid and culturally-sensitive methods of behavioral observation, mother and child behavior were observed during a clean-up task; mothers also reported on their levels of US acculturation and Puerto Rican enculturation. Using person-centered analyses, we identified groups of mothers by parenting behaviors (i.e., guidance, control, positive affect) and cultural orientation (i.e., acculturation, enculturation). Results revealed four sub-groups of mothers with distinct associations to child defiance: 1) enculturated/controlling, 2) bicultural/guiding, 3) bicultural/controlling, 4) acculturated/controlling. Toddlers of the mothers in the acculturated/controlling sub-group displayed greater defiance toward their mothers than those of mothers in the enculturated/controlling sub-group, even though the groups displayed similar levels of control behaviors and positive affect. Toddlers of the enculturated/controlling and the bicultural/guiding mothers displayed similar low levels of defiance, suggesting two different parenting approaches with favorable consequences for child behavior in adolescent mother and toddler dyads. Implications for culturally-informed research and tailored services for young Latina families are discussed. SN - 2168-1678 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/30923660/Associations_Between_Maternal_Control_and_Child_Defiance_Among_Puerto_Rican_Origin_Adolescent_Mothers_and_Their_Toddlers:_A_Person_Centered_Examination_ L2 - https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/pmid/30923660/ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -