Indications for laparoscopic liver resection of mass-forming intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma.Asian J Endosc Surg. 2020 Jan; 13(1):46-58.AJ
We investigated the indications for laparoscopic liver resection (LLR) of mass-forming intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (MF-ICC), including the need for lymph node dissection for improved postoperative prognosis.
This study involved 36 patients who underwent surgery for solitary peripheral MF-ICC. Fifteen patients underwent LLR, and 21 underwent open liver resection (OLR). Surgical outcomes and prognostic factors were investigated to determine the indications for LLR.
No significant differences were observed in perioperative outcomes between patients who underwent LLR and OLR. A significantly worse disease-free survival (DFS) rate was observed in patients who preoperatively had a tumor diameter ≥3 cm, vascular invasion on diagnostic imaging, and elevated serum carbohydrate antigen (CA) 19-9 and carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) levels. A significantly worse overall survival (OS) rate was observed in patients with a tumor diameter ≥3 cm, vascular invasion on diagnostic imaging, and elevated serum CA19-9 levels. Therefore, a tumor diameter ≥3 cm, vascular invasion on diagnostic imaging, and elevated serum CA19-9 and CEA levels were determined to be preoperative prognostic factors. DFS and OS rates were significantly better in patients without these factors. Moreover, in six patients without these factors who underwent LLR, neither lymph node metastasis nor postoperative recurrence was observed.
A tumor diameter ≥3 cm, vascular invasion on diagnostic imaging, and elevated serum CA19-9 and CEA levels are preoperative prognostic factors for peripheral MF-ICC. LLR is indicated for patients without these factors.