Genome-wide identification, classification and expression analysis of the JmjC domain-containing histone demethylase gene family in maize.BMC Genomics. 2019 Apr 01; 20(1):256.BG
Histone methylation mainly occurs on the lysine residues and plays a crucial role during flowering and stress responses of plants, through changing the methylation status or ratio of lysine residues. Histone lysine residues of plants can arise in three forms of methylation (single, double and triple) and the corresponding demethylation can also ensue on certain occasions, by which the plants can accommodate the homeostasis of histone methylation by means of lysine methyltransferase and demethylase. The JmjC domain-containing proteins, an important family of histone lysine demethylases, play a vital role in maintaining homeostasis of histone methylation in vivo.
In this study, we have identified 19 JmjC domain-containing histone demethylase (JHDM) proteins in maize. Based on structural characteristics and a comparison of phylogenetic relationships of JHDM gene families from Arabidopsis, rice and maize, all 19 JHDM proteins in maize were categorized into three different subfamilies. Furthermore, chromosome location and schematic structure revealed an unevenly distribution on chromosomes and structure features of ZmJMJ genes in maize, respectively. Eventually, the 19 ZmJMJ genes displayed different expression patterns at diverse developmental stages of maize based on transcriptome analysis. Further, quantitative real-time PCR analysis showed that all 19 ZmJMJ genes were responsive to heat stress treatment, suggesting their potential roles in heat stress response.
Overall, our study will serve to present an important theoretical basis for future functional verification of JHDM genes to further unravel the mechanisms of epigenetic regulation in plants.