The effects of transient dopamine antagonism on thyrotropin-releasing hormone-induced prolactin release in pseudopregnant rats.Endocrinology. 1986 Nov; 119(5):1989-95.E
The effectiveness of TRH in releasing PRL after transient dopamine (DA) blockade was investigated in female rats between days 3 and 11 of pseudopregnancy (PSP). At 0930 h on the morning of the experiment, each animal was injected with the DA antagonist domperidone (0.01 mg/rat, iv) or vehicle (acetic acid in saline); 5 min later, the DA agonist 2-bromo-alpha-ergocryptine maleate (CB-154; 0.5 mg/rat, iv) was administered. Sixty minutes later, TRH (1.0 micrograms/rat, iv) was administered. Blood samples were withdrawn via indwelling catheters before, 5, 20, 40, and 70 min after domperidone or vehicle administration, and 5 and 10 min after TRH administration. On day 3 of PSP, TRH-induced PRL release was significantly enhanced by the domperidone-CB154 treatment compared to that in vehicle-treated control rats. By day 9 of PSP, the effectiveness of TRH in stimulating PRL release after domperidone treatment was decreased by 50% compared to that on day 3 of PSP. This reduction in PRL response to TRH was not due to decreased progesterone levels, as no difference was observed in plasma progesterone between days 3 and 9. Rats that were given domperidone on day 11 of PSP did not exhibit a significant increase in sensitivity to TRH; however, the effectiveness of TRH was enhanced by domperidone on day 11 of PSP in animals that were hysterectomized on day 2 of PSP. Since DA receptor blockage increased the sensitivity to a putative PRL-releasing factor (TRH) and this mechanism was eliminated around the time that the PRL surges of PSP disappear, we suggest that this pituitary mechanism is a critical component of the PRL release mechanism during the surges of PSP. Further, the observed loss of the mechanism between days 9 and 11 of PSP may be due to the direct influence at the anterior pituitary of a uterine PRL inhibitory factor which has been recently described.