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Acute effects of different set configurations during a strength-oriented resistance training session on barbell velocity and the force-velocity relationship in resistance-trained males and females.
Eur J Appl Physiol. 2019 Jun; 119(6):1409-1417.EJ

Abstract

PURPOSE

This study explored the acute effects of strength-oriented resistance training sessions performed using three different set configurations on barbell velocity and the force-velocity (F-v) relationship of upper-body muscles in men and women.

METHOD

Thirteen men (age: 23.8 ± 2.5 years; 6-repetition maximum [6RM] load: 73.4 ± 15.6 kg) and 13 women (age: 21.5 ± 1.4 years; 6RM load: 32.8 ± 5.2 kg) performed 24 repetitions with a 6RM load during the bench press exercise using traditional (TR: 6 sets of 4 repetitions with 3 min of rest between sets), cluster (CL: 6 sets of 4 repetitions with 15 s of intra-set rest every two repetitions and 2 min and 45 s of rest between sets) and inter-repetition rest (IRR: 1 set of 24 repetitions with 39 s of rest between repetitions) set configurations. The F-v relationship parameters [maximum force (F0), maximum velocity (v0) and maximum power (Pmax)] were determined before and after each training session.

RESULTS

The average training velocity did not differ between the three set configurations (p = 0.234), but the IRR set configuration generally provided higher velocities during the last repetition of each set. Significant decreases in F0 (p = 0.001) and Pmax (p = 0.024) but not in v0 (p = 0.669) were observed after the training sessions. Comparable velocity loss was observed for men and women (- 12.1% vs. - 11.3%; p = 0.699).

CONCLUSIONS

The administration of very short intra-set rest periods does not allow for the attainment of higher velocities than traditional set configurations during strength-oriented resistance training sessions conducted with the bench press exercise when the work-to-rest ratio is equated.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Physical Education and Sport, Faculty of Sport Sciences, University of Granada, Granada, Spain. alejandrotorrejon1@hotmail.com.Faculty of Sport and Physical Education, University of Belgrade, The Research Centre, Belgrade, Serbia.Centre for Exercise and Sports Science Research, Edith Cowan University, Joondalup, WA, Australia.Department of Physical Education and Sport, Faculty of Sport Sciences, University of Granada, Granada, Spain. Department of Sports Sciences and Physical Conditioning, Faculty of Education, CIEDE, Catholic University of Most Holy Concepción, Concepción, Chile.

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article
Randomized Controlled Trial

Language

eng

PubMed ID

30955089

Citation

Torrejón, Alejandro, et al. "Acute Effects of Different Set Configurations During a Strength-oriented Resistance Training Session On Barbell Velocity and the Force-velocity Relationship in Resistance-trained Males and Females." European Journal of Applied Physiology, vol. 119, no. 6, 2019, pp. 1409-1417.
Torrejón A, Janicijevic D, Haff GG, et al. Acute effects of different set configurations during a strength-oriented resistance training session on barbell velocity and the force-velocity relationship in resistance-trained males and females. Eur J Appl Physiol. 2019;119(6):1409-1417.
Torrejón, A., Janicijevic, D., Haff, G. G., & García-Ramos, A. (2019). Acute effects of different set configurations during a strength-oriented resistance training session on barbell velocity and the force-velocity relationship in resistance-trained males and females. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 119(6), 1409-1417. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00421-019-04131-8
Torrejón A, et al. Acute Effects of Different Set Configurations During a Strength-oriented Resistance Training Session On Barbell Velocity and the Force-velocity Relationship in Resistance-trained Males and Females. Eur J Appl Physiol. 2019;119(6):1409-1417. PubMed PMID: 30955089.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Acute effects of different set configurations during a strength-oriented resistance training session on barbell velocity and the force-velocity relationship in resistance-trained males and females. AU - Torrejón,Alejandro, AU - Janicijevic,Danica, AU - Haff,Guy Gregory, AU - García-Ramos,Amador, Y1 - 2019/04/06/ PY - 2018/11/29/received PY - 2019/03/26/accepted PY - 2019/4/8/pubmed PY - 2019/8/28/medline PY - 2019/4/8/entrez KW - Cluster set KW - Inter-repetition rest KW - Strength training KW - Velocity loss SP - 1409 EP - 1417 JF - European journal of applied physiology JO - Eur. J. Appl. Physiol. VL - 119 IS - 6 N2 - PURPOSE: This study explored the acute effects of strength-oriented resistance training sessions performed using three different set configurations on barbell velocity and the force-velocity (F-v) relationship of upper-body muscles in men and women. METHOD: Thirteen men (age: 23.8 ± 2.5 years; 6-repetition maximum [6RM] load: 73.4 ± 15.6 kg) and 13 women (age: 21.5 ± 1.4 years; 6RM load: 32.8 ± 5.2 kg) performed 24 repetitions with a 6RM load during the bench press exercise using traditional (TR: 6 sets of 4 repetitions with 3 min of rest between sets), cluster (CL: 6 sets of 4 repetitions with 15 s of intra-set rest every two repetitions and 2 min and 45 s of rest between sets) and inter-repetition rest (IRR: 1 set of 24 repetitions with 39 s of rest between repetitions) set configurations. The F-v relationship parameters [maximum force (F0), maximum velocity (v0) and maximum power (Pmax)] were determined before and after each training session. RESULTS: The average training velocity did not differ between the three set configurations (p = 0.234), but the IRR set configuration generally provided higher velocities during the last repetition of each set. Significant decreases in F0 (p = 0.001) and Pmax (p = 0.024) but not in v0 (p = 0.669) were observed after the training sessions. Comparable velocity loss was observed for men and women (- 12.1% vs. - 11.3%; p = 0.699). CONCLUSIONS: The administration of very short intra-set rest periods does not allow for the attainment of higher velocities than traditional set configurations during strength-oriented resistance training sessions conducted with the bench press exercise when the work-to-rest ratio is equated. SN - 1439-6327 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/30955089/Acute_effects_of_different_set_configurations_during_a_strength_oriented_resistance_training_session_on_barbell_velocity_and_the_force_velocity_relationship_in_resistance_trained_males_and_females_ L2 - https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00421-019-04131-8 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -