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PLA with Intumescent System Containing Lignin and Ammonium Polyphosphate for Flame Retardant Textile.
Polymers (Basel). 2016 Sep 05; 8(9)P

Abstract

Using bio-based polymers to replace of polymers from petrochemicals in the manufacture of textile fibers is a possible way to improve sustainable development for the textile industry. Polylactic acid (PLA) is one of the available bio-based polymers. One way to improve the fire behavior of this bio-based polymer is to add an intumescent formulation mainly composed of acid and carbon sources. In order to optimize the amount of bio-based product in the final material composition, lignin from wood waste was selected as the carbon source. Different formulations of and/or ammonium polyphosphate (AP) were prepared by melt extrusion and then hot-pressed into sheets. The thermal properties (thermogravimetric analyses (TGA) and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC)) and fire properties (UL-94) were measured. The spinnability of the various composites was evaluated. The mechanical properties and physical aspect (microscopy) of PLA multifilaments with lignin (LK) were checked. A PLA multifilament with up to 10 wt % of intumescent formulation was processed, and the fire behavior of PLA fabrics with lignin/AP formulation was studied by cone calorimeter.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Univ. Lille Nord de France, F-59000 Lille, France. aurelie.cayla@ensait.fr. ENSAIT, GEMTEX, F-59100 Roubaix, France. aurelie.cayla@ensait.fr.Univ. Lille Nord de France, F-59000 Lille, France. francois.rault@ensait.fr. ENSAIT, GEMTEX, F-59100 Roubaix, France. francois.rault@ensait.fr.Univ. Lille Nord de France, F-59000 Lille, France. stephane.giraud@ensait.fr. ENSAIT, GEMTEX, F-59100 Roubaix, France. stephane.giraud@ensait.fr.Univ. Lille Nord de France, F-59000 Lille, France. fabien.salaun@ensait.fr. ENSAIT, GEMTEX, F-59100 Roubaix, France. fabien.salaun@ensait.fr.Institut Jean Lamour⁻UMR CNRS-Université de Lorraine n 7198, ENSTIB, F-88026 Epinal cedex, France. vanessa.fierro@univ-lorraine.fr.Institut Jean Lamour⁻UMR CNRS-Université de Lorraine n 7198, ENSTIB, F-88026 Epinal cedex, France. alain.celzard@univ-lorraine.fr.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

30974606

Citation

Cayla, Aurélie, et al. "PLA With Intumescent System Containing Lignin and Ammonium Polyphosphate for Flame Retardant Textile." Polymers, vol. 8, no. 9, 2016.
Cayla A, Rault F, Giraud S, et al. PLA with Intumescent System Containing Lignin and Ammonium Polyphosphate for Flame Retardant Textile. Polymers (Basel). 2016;8(9).
Cayla, A., Rault, F., Giraud, S., Salaün, F., Fierro, V., & Celzard, A. (2016). PLA with Intumescent System Containing Lignin and Ammonium Polyphosphate for Flame Retardant Textile. Polymers, 8(9). https://doi.org/10.3390/polym8090331
Cayla A, et al. PLA With Intumescent System Containing Lignin and Ammonium Polyphosphate for Flame Retardant Textile. Polymers (Basel). 2016 Sep 5;8(9) PubMed PMID: 30974606.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - PLA with Intumescent System Containing Lignin and Ammonium Polyphosphate for Flame Retardant Textile. AU - Cayla,Aurélie, AU - Rault,François, AU - Giraud,Stéphane, AU - Salaün,Fabien, AU - Fierro,Vanessa, AU - Celzard,Alain, Y1 - 2016/09/05/ PY - 2016/07/12/received PY - 2016/08/26/revised PY - 2016/08/29/accepted PY - 2019/4/13/entrez PY - 2016/9/5/pubmed PY - 2016/9/5/medline KW - PLA KW - ammonium polyphosphate KW - flame retardant KW - lignin KW - melt spinning JF - Polymers JO - Polymers (Basel) VL - 8 IS - 9 N2 - Using bio-based polymers to replace of polymers from petrochemicals in the manufacture of textile fibers is a possible way to improve sustainable development for the textile industry. Polylactic acid (PLA) is one of the available bio-based polymers. One way to improve the fire behavior of this bio-based polymer is to add an intumescent formulation mainly composed of acid and carbon sources. In order to optimize the amount of bio-based product in the final material composition, lignin from wood waste was selected as the carbon source. Different formulations of and/or ammonium polyphosphate (AP) were prepared by melt extrusion and then hot-pressed into sheets. The thermal properties (thermogravimetric analyses (TGA) and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC)) and fire properties (UL-94) were measured. The spinnability of the various composites was evaluated. The mechanical properties and physical aspect (microscopy) of PLA multifilaments with lignin (LK) were checked. A PLA multifilament with up to 10 wt % of intumescent formulation was processed, and the fire behavior of PLA fabrics with lignin/AP formulation was studied by cone calorimeter. SN - 2073-4360 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/30974606/PLA_with_Intumescent_System_Containing_Lignin_and_Ammonium_Polyphosphate_for_Flame_Retardant_Textile_ L2 - http://www.mdpi.com/resolver?pii=polym8090331 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -
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