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Sleep and Nutrition Interactions: Implications for Athletes.
Nutrients. 2019 Apr 11; 11(4)N

Abstract

This narrative review explores the relationship between sleep and nutrition. Various nutritional interventions have been shown to improve sleep including high carbohydrate, high glycaemic index evening meals, melatonin, tryptophan rich protein, tart cherry juice, kiwifruit and micronutrients. Sleep disturbances and short sleep duration are behavioural risk factors for inflammation, associated with increased risk of illness and disease, which can be modified to promote sleep health. For sleep to have a restorative effect on the body, it must be of adequate duration and quality; particularly for athletes whose physical and mental recovery needs may be greater due to the high physiological and psychological demands placed on them during training and competition. Sleep has been shown to have a restorative effect on the immune system, the endocrine system, facilitate the recovery of the nervous system and metabolic cost of the waking state and has an integral role in learning, memory and synaptic plasticity, all of which can impact both athletic recovery and performance. Functional food-based interventions designed to enhance sleep quality and quantity or promote general health, sleep health, training adaptations and/or recovery warrant further investigation.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Letterkenny Institute of Technology, Port Road, Letterkenny, F92 FC93 County Donegal, Ireland. ronan.doherty@lyit.ie. Sport Ireland Institute, National Sport Campus, Abbotstown, 15, D15 Y52H, Dublin, Ireland. ronan.doherty@lyit.ie. Northumbria Centre for Sleep Research, Northumbria University, Newcastle, NE1 8ST, UK. ronan.doherty@lyit.ie.Sport Ireland Institute, National Sport Campus, Abbotstown, 15, D15 Y52H, Dublin, Ireland. smadigan@instituteofsport.ie.Health Research Institute, Schuman Building, University of Limerick, V94 T9PX County Donegal, Ireland. giles.warrington@ul.ie. Department of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, University of Limerick, V94 T9PX County Donegal, Ireland. giles.warrington@ul.ie.Northumbria Centre for Sleep Research, Northumbria University, Newcastle, NE1 8ST, UK. jason.ellis@northumbria.ac.uk.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

30979048

Citation

Doherty, Rónán, et al. "Sleep and Nutrition Interactions: Implications for Athletes." Nutrients, vol. 11, no. 4, 2019.
Doherty R, Madigan S, Warrington G, et al. Sleep and Nutrition Interactions: Implications for Athletes. Nutrients. 2019;11(4).
Doherty, R., Madigan, S., Warrington, G., & Ellis, J. (2019). Sleep and Nutrition Interactions: Implications for Athletes. Nutrients, 11(4). https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11040822
Doherty R, et al. Sleep and Nutrition Interactions: Implications for Athletes. Nutrients. 2019 Apr 11;11(4) PubMed PMID: 30979048.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Sleep and Nutrition Interactions: Implications for Athletes. AU - Doherty,Rónán, AU - Madigan,Sharon, AU - Warrington,Giles, AU - Ellis,Jason, Y1 - 2019/04/11/ PY - 2019/02/04/received PY - 2019/04/08/revised PY - 2019/04/10/accepted PY - 2019/4/14/entrez PY - 2019/4/14/pubmed PY - 2019/8/17/medline KW - athletes KW - chrononutrition. KW - sleep JF - Nutrients JO - Nutrients VL - 11 IS - 4 N2 - This narrative review explores the relationship between sleep and nutrition. Various nutritional interventions have been shown to improve sleep including high carbohydrate, high glycaemic index evening meals, melatonin, tryptophan rich protein, tart cherry juice, kiwifruit and micronutrients. Sleep disturbances and short sleep duration are behavioural risk factors for inflammation, associated with increased risk of illness and disease, which can be modified to promote sleep health. For sleep to have a restorative effect on the body, it must be of adequate duration and quality; particularly for athletes whose physical and mental recovery needs may be greater due to the high physiological and psychological demands placed on them during training and competition. Sleep has been shown to have a restorative effect on the immune system, the endocrine system, facilitate the recovery of the nervous system and metabolic cost of the waking state and has an integral role in learning, memory and synaptic plasticity, all of which can impact both athletic recovery and performance. Functional food-based interventions designed to enhance sleep quality and quantity or promote general health, sleep health, training adaptations and/or recovery warrant further investigation. SN - 2072-6643 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/30979048/full_citation L2 - https://www.mdpi.com/resolver?pii=nu11040822 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -